Guide to the Papers of Dr Frank Cain


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Manuscript Name Papers of Dr Frank Cain
Manuscript Number MSS 321
Last Updated May 2018
Extent 17 boxes
Location Academy Library, UNSW Canberra
Abstract Papers, scripts, drafts.

Collection Subject Type

Military/Political

Scope and Content

This collection relates to Dr Frank Cain and includes research material for several publications.

Date Range of Content

 1920-2006

 

Biographical Note

Frank Cain began his career in the Duntroon Military College in 1984, teaching in military history. He taught Australian History at the University of New South Wales in Canberra, Australia where he also taught courses on Intelligence History, the History of Australian Defence and Foreign Policy and Strategic Studies. He is the author of numerous journal articles on Intelligence History, the History of the Great Depression in New South Wales, the History of the Impact of Venona on Australian politics and Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War.

His research interests include studies in Australian Military History and the Cold War in Australia and America, Development of British Missile Technology, Labour History including Labor governments in Australia, Intelligence History, Killings in Indonesia 1965, the French Fighting in Vietnam, Perception of Communist Party in China between the Wars

Administrative Information

 

Access and Copying Conditions

Access: Open Access

This collection contains a variety of copyright material. Copyright is held by the creator of each item. Specific conditions for this collection are listed below. If no conditions are stipulated then the standard terms of the Copyright Act apply for published and unpublished items. Digitised material from manuscript collections is provided to clients by UNSW Canberra in good faith for private study and research only, and may not be published or re-purposed without the express and written permission of the individual legal holder of that copyright. Refer also to the UNSW copyright, disclaimer and takedown policy. 

Copying: Copying of material authored by Dr Frank Cain for private study and research is approved. 

 

 

Preferred Citation

Papers of Dr Frank Cain, Academy Library, UNSW Canberra, Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, MSS 321, Box [Number], Folder [Number].

 

Provenance

The collection was donated by Dr Frank Cain.

Subject Keywords

Subjects

Intelligence, A.S.I.O., Great Depression, Jack Lang, economics.

Personal Names

Frank Cain (1931- )

Corporate Names

A.S.I.O.

 

Occupations

Academic, author.

 

Container List

Box 1

Folder 1

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History:  Correspondence:
Research-related letters, faxes, etc. for 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992;

Typescript speech by John Langmore launching A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History, 13 May 1994

 

Folder 2

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History: Source Materials

Report of Sub-Committee upon proposed alterations to the Commonwealth Conciliation
and Arbitration Regulations.(May 1940);

Prime Minister’s Memorandum to the Director General of Security, Being a Directive for the Establishment and Maintenance of a Security Service (1949);

Officer’s Record of Service/Qualifications and Experience, Charles Spry (1947-1948);

Australian Military Forces Minute Paper [Subject:  Charles Spry] (1950);

Cabinet Committee [Secret] (1953);

Charter of the Australian Secret Service [Top Secret] (1954);

Interview with Petrov at Safe House Commencing Tuesday, 6.4.54 (1954);

International newspaper stories (1954-1956);

Records concerning Tudor Harvey Barnett (1955);

The Directive to ASIS (1958);

Croatian Liberation Movement papers (1965-1967);

Australian Security Intelligence Organization, “The Croatian Revolutionary Brotherhood” [position paper] (1967);

Australian Security Intelligence Organization, Croatian Liberation Movement [position paper] (1967);

Activities of Extremist Groups in the Yugoslav Migrant Community (1970);

Extremist Activities in Croatian-Yugoslav Community Co-operation Between Commonwealth Police Force and A.S.I.O. (1970);

Australian Security Intelligence Organization, The Croatian National Resistance (HNO) – Recent Developments (1971);

Newspaper cuttings from mid-1970s [Parliament of Australia Library];

ASIO Appropriation and Expenditure 1948-1983;

Statement by the Prime Minister in the House of Representatives on the Final Reports of the Royal Commission on Australia’s Security and Intelligence Agencies (1985);

Australian Security Intelligence Organization Amendment Bill (1986);

Coombe Ivanov Report documents (3) [mid-late 1980s?];

Sadil Case newspaper cuttings (1993).

 

Folder 3

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History: Research Papers, etc. [including draft versions]

Frank Cain, ‘Missiles and Mistrust: US Intelligence Responses to British and Australian Missile Research’ (undated);

Frank Cain, ‘ASIO and the Australian Labour Movement – An Historical Perspective’ (undated);

Frank Cain, ‘An Aspect of Post-War Australian Relations with the UK and the US: Missiles, Spies and Disharmony’ (undated);

Frank Cain, ‘An Administrative History of Political Surveillance in Australia 1916-1983’ (undated);

Frank Cain, ‘From Alliance to Enmity: USA Reaction to Australian Missile Technology’ (1986);

Greg Pemberton, [untitled paper, draft only];

Nick Seddon, ‘Labor Party submission regarding ASIO’ (1988);

Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies, Conference on Security and Intelligence Needs for the 1990s: A Canadian Perspective (1989);

Laurence W. Maher, ‘Dissent, Disloyalty and Disaffection: Australia’s Last Cold War Sedition Case’ [draft] (1993).

 

Folder 4

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History: Newspaper/ Magazine Articles

Categorised into 3 subfolders according to decades: 1950s-60s, 1980s and early 1990s;

The National Times, nos. 528 (March 1981), 641-42, 649 (May and July 1983).

 

Folder 5

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History; Research: handwritten notes

Undated handwritten notes for book on ASIO by Frank Cain.

 

Folder 6

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History: Poster for Frank Cain, A.S.I.O: An Unofficial History.

Box 2

Folders 7-11

Economic Statecraft During the Cold War: Source materials

Papers, including declassified government documents, from the National Archives in Washington, D.C. Some have indexes inside the front cover of each ‘file’;

W10, W11, W12, W15, W16 [all indexed].

Box 3

Folders 12-15

Economic Statecraft During the Cold War: Source materials

W17 (not indexed), W19 (indexed), W20 (indexed), W21 (not indexed).

 

Box 4

Folders 16-19

Economic Statecraft During the Cold WarSource materials

W25 (indexed), W26 (not indexed), W28 (not indexed), W29 (indexed).

 

Box 5

Folders 20-23

Economic Statecraft During the Cold WarSource materials

W30 (indexed), W8 (not indexed), W13 (not indexed), P5 ([Public Record Office material], not indexed).

 

Box 6

Folders 24-29

Economic Statecraft During the Cold War...

Source Materials

P6 ([Australian National Archives material], indexed); C7 [Australian National Archives material], indexed); C8 [Australian National Archives material], indexed);

VENONA material from the United States National Security Agency (indexed);

Australian Defence Records (indexed);

Australian Archives Series A6119/79, Item 796, Title: Gluck.

Box 7

Folders 30-32

Economic Statecraft During the Cold WarSource materials

M13, M14 and M17 ([Australian National Archives material], all indexed).

 

Box 8

Folder 33

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Correspondence

Research and publication-related letters, faxes, etc. for 1982-1999.

 

Folder 34

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Game Papers, Mitchell Library (indexed).

 

Folder 35

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Bank of England Archives.

 

Folder 36

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

The Sydney Morning Herald and Labor Daily newspaper reports (1930);

Labor Daily newspaper reports (1931).

Folder 37

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper reports (1931).

 

Folder 38

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Australian Archives (‘Lang the Depression’, indexed);

Australian Archives (‘Loans and Jack Lang’( (indexed).

 

Box 9

Folder 39

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Index. Minutes of Loan Council Meetings Held Prior to Financial Agreement. 1st to 13th Meetings. 1/2/1924 to 19/6/1928;

Loan Council Minutes (January 1929-July 1932).

 

Folder 40

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Loan Council Minutes (October 1932-June 1934);

‘Master File as at January 1985’ [9 April 1900-20 September 1938].

 

Folder 41

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Australia/United Kingdom Financial Affairs (1930s, Part 1) (indexed).

 

Folder 42

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Australia/United Kingdom Financial Affairs (1930s, Part 2) (indexed).

 

Folder 43

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

New South Wales State Archives (1921-1931) (indexed).

 

Box 10

Folder 44

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

New South Wales State Archives (1930-1932) (indexed);

New South Wales State Archives (1931-1932) (indexed).

 

Folder 45

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

New South Wales State Archives (1932-1933);

New South Wales State Archives (1932-1935) (indexed).

 

Folder 46

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

New South Wales State Archives (1919-1932) (indexed);

New South Wales State Archives (1904-1933) (indexed).

 

Folder 47

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Treasury Files in the Department of Treasury (1906-1940) (indexed);

Extracts from Archives Papers on the Closure of the Government Savings Bank of N.S.W., 22nd April, 1931.

 

Box 11

Folder 48

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Treasury File: 37/1669 Special Bundle TR/K 101078 Bundle 55 (1930-1932);

Trenchard Papers, Royal Air Force Museum (1923);

Australian Archives, State of New South Wales Public Debt at 30th June, 1921;

Small file of undesignated archival material covering years 1925, 1931, 1932 and 1937.

 

 

Folder 49

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Research: Papers and Source Summaries

N. Cain, ‘Three Economists and Policy Advice in the Crisis of 1930-31’, Economic History Joint Seminar, A.N.U. (November, 1986);

Neville Cain, ‘The Economists and Controversy over Policy in 1930-31’, Economic History Joint Seminar, A.N.U. (May 1987);

David Pope, ‘Did Australian Trading Banks Benefit from Scale Economies and Branch Networks in the Nineteenth Century?’, Economic History Joint Seminar, A.N.U. (June 1988);

Selwyn Cornish, ‘Australian Monetary Policy and the Return to Gold 1920-1925’, Economic History Joint Seminar, A.N.U. (December 1988);

David Pope, ‘Free Banking in Australia before 1914’, Economic History Joint Seminar, A.N.U. (March 1990).

‘Government Savings Bank Questions NSW Parl. 1931’;

Joan Simpson [collator]:

Sydney Morning Herald October 1930-December 1931. Government Savings Bank;

Labor Daily October 1930 to December 1931. The Government Savings Bank (N.S.W.);

Daily Telegraph October 1930-December 1931. Government Savings Bank;

Dr. Cain – List of Files;

Guide to the State Archives of New South Wales Information Leaflet, nos. 15, 18 and 21 (1979-1980);

Administrative Branch, The Treasury: Registering, Indexing and Location of Treasury Papers, etc. (undated).

 

Folder 50

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source materials

Research: Handwritten Notes

Handwritten notes, mainly undated with data from newspapers, parliamentary papers, statistical tables, etc.

 

Folder 51

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Correspondence: file of letters and notes on employment and research-related matters for the years 1973, 1985, 1986
Newspaper articles: file of articles on union-related matters, published in The Age and The Sydney Morning Herald (1980s).

Folder 52

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Source Materials:

‘Source Analysis on the Reactions of Governmental Authorities to Extremist Movements and Seditious Organisations 1914 to c.1930’ [Australian Archives, Adelaide] (indexed);

Documents held in the Victorian State Archives, 1916-1921 (indexed);

Documents held in the Victorian State Archives, 4th Series, 1918-1923 (indexed);

New South Wales State Archives c. 1916-c. 1920;

J.W. Miller, ‘The I.W.W. and the Political Labor Movement’ (1919) [unspecified archive].

 

Folder 53

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Source Materials:

E.C. Fry, Tom Barker and the I.W.W.: recorded, edited and with an introduction. Australian Society for the Study of Labour History (Canberra, 1965);

Extract of document from the James Normington Rawling Collection (ABL N57/1) ‘for a history of the Communist Party of Australia until 1939 entitled “Communism comes to Australia”;

Australian newspaper/magazine cartoons, depictions of I.W.W. issues and controversies, c. 1905- c. 1920, with explanatory notes;

United States newspaper/magazine cartoons, depictions of I.W.W. issues and controversies, c. 1900- c. 1930, with explanatory notes.

 

Box 12

Folder 54

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Research Papers and Source Summaries:

[Frank Cain?], ‘The I.W.W. in the United States of America’ (possibly chapter excerpt, undated);

Ted Moyle, ‘On the IWW in Australia’ [written for the 25th anniversary Australian Communist Party celebrations (1945);

Frank Cain, ‘The Industrial Workers of the World: Aspects of its Suppression in Australia 1916-1919’, RAAF Academy (undated);

Frank Farrell, ‘The Industrial Workers of the World in Australia’ (undated);

Frank Cain, ‘The Industrial Workers of the World in the United States of America and Australia, University of New South Wales (1987);

[Frank Cain?], ‘The Unlawful Associations Act December 1916’ (undated);

[Frank Cain?], ‘Reactions to Radicalism: A Study in the Response by State and National Authorities to the Industrial Workers of the World in New South Wales’ (undated);

[Frank Cain?], ‘The I.W.W. in Victoria’ (undated);

G. Jewell, The History of the IWW in Canada, Industrial Workers of the World (Chicago, n.d.)

[Untitled] – summaries of newspaper articles published in November, 1919;

Age 1916 – newspaper references to IWW-related matters, covering July to December, 1916;

Age 1916/1917 – newspaper references to IWW-related matters, covering December 1916 to May 1917;

Summary of Associations Bill, Second Reading introduced 18th July, 1917.

 

Folder 55

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Research: Handwritten notes, lists and summaries for various parts of book and chapters (undated).

 

Folder 56

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Variety of publicity-type illustrations for The Wobblies at War: A History of the IWW in Australia and the Great War;

Article on the book: ‘Why Australian politics has the wobbles’, Uniken, 16th July 1993.

 

Folder 57

Nazis in Australia [article]

Source Materials:

Excerpts from Die Brücker, 1936 and 1939;

Australian National Archives material on Nazis and Nazi sympathisers in Australia, 1925-1953 (indexed);

Australian National Archives Series: A367, Item C68585; A6126, Item 55; A981, NAZ 1 Part 2; D4880, Item: German – Becker Heinrich Johannes; D1915, Item SA 22353; D1915, Item SA 22205; D1919, Item SS 1031; D1915, Item SA 19060; D1915, Item SA 22433; D1915, Item SA 20419 7; D1915, Item SA 20419 6.

 

Box 13

Folder 58

Terrorism and Intelligence in Australia: A History of ASIO and National Surveillance

Correspondence: Emailed correspondence and Centre of Public Law submissions, dated from December 2003 to August 2006.

Newspaper articles:Articles on terrorism and security-related matters concerning Australia, all published in 2005.

Source Materials:‘Report by Lieut.-Col. Airy, British Security Service, on the Recommendation of a Security Service of the Commonwealth of Australia after the Termination of Hostilities’ (22 September, 1944), Evatt Papers (1944).

Research Papers

W.R. Stent, ‘An Individual vs. the State: The Case of B.L. Cooper’, Overland, 79 (1980);

Daryl Melham, Australia and 9/11 (2003?);

Daryl Melham, ‘The Effects of Australia’s Security Legislation on Civil Liberties and the Right to Independent Counsel’, NSW Bar Association (November, 2003);

Phillip Boulten, ‘Terrorism – Interrogation Powers. An Accused’s Limited Rights: The Prospect of a Fair Trial’, 2004 LIV Biennial Criminal Law Conference (September, 2004);

Michael Head, ‘The war on terror and civil liberties: Is Australia becoming a police state? [draft]’, Seminar Paper (March, 2006);

 

Researchnotes:Handwritten notes, mainly undated with data from newspapers, notes about discussions, research notes and ideas, etc.

 

Folder 59

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History: Source materials

File: ‘Moscow Letters’ (all dated to 1952) and ‘Analysis of Moscow letters etc’, i.e. translations of these: includes (i) Alphabetical Listing of Individuals Mentioned in Moscow Reports on Page Numbers 62-67’, and (ii) ‘Details of Contacts Referred ot in Moscow Letters of 1952’;

File: ‘ASIO X1 1950s’ (indexed).

 

Folder 60

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History: Source Materials

File: ‘ASIO X2 1960s - 70s’;

File: ‘ASIO X3 1980 - 83’;

File: ‘ASIO X4 1984 –’.

Folder 61

A.S.I.O.: An Unofficial History:Research Papers

Steven Turner, The Formation of A.S.I.O.: Developments in Australian Internal Security Leading to the Formation of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation in 1949. History Honours Thesis, University of Sydney (1980);

[Frank Cain?], The War Precautions Act in Relation to the Control of Radical Forces in Australia (undated);

Eddy Vickery, We Came, We Saw, We Filed It: A study of the composition of ASIO’s dossier network in the 1950s. History Honours Thesis, University of Sydney (1990).

 

Box 14

Folder 62

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Source Materials:

[W6] United States I.W.W. Material from National Archives, for the period 1917-1919 (indexed).

 

Folder 63

Extra Series - The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Source Materials:

[W7] United States I.W.W. Material from National Archives, for the period 1917-1924 (indexed).

 

Folder 64

The Wobblies at War: A History of I.W.W. and the Great War in Australia

Research Papers:

[Untitled paper on the topic of Lesbia Harford] ‘Abandoned introduction’ to Invaluable Mystery (undated);

Investigative Case Files of the Bureau of Investigation 1908-1922, National Archives Trust Fund Board/ National Archives and Records Service (Washington, 1983).

 

Box 15

Folder 65

Jack Lang and the Great DepressionSource materials

 ‘Aust. Archives I A1’, with index list of contents following the front cover.

 

Folder 66

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘Aust. Archives II A2’, with index list of contents following the front cover.

 

Folder 67

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘Aust. Archives III A3’, with index list of contents following the front cover.

 

Folder 68

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘Aust. Archives IV A4’, with index list of contents following the front cover.

 

Box 16

Folder 69

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘Aust. Archives V A5’, with index list of contents following the front cover.

 

Folder 70

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘Aust. Archives compiled 13/4/84 A6’, with index list of contents following the front cover.

 

Folder 71

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘[Australian Archives] A7’, with index list of contents following the front cover.

 

Folder 72

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘Reserve Bank Archives RB’;

‘Loan Council Referendum 1928;

‘Niemeyer Papers’;

Compendium of State Bank of New South Wales documents from 1931.

 

Box 17

Folder 73

Jack Lang and the Great Depression: Source Materials

 ‘Lang’s Bills & Debates 1931’;

‘A.N.Z. Bank Archives, Melbourne;

‘Bank of New South Wales Letters to Banks [and Major Divisions?]’;

‘Commonwealth Bank letters’;

‘Bank of New South Wales Archives’;

‘London Books?’

 

Folder 74

Correspondence:

Three letters to Dr. Frank Cain, 13 September – 27 September, 1982.