Dr Karen Gardner

  • ABOUT
  • PUBLICATIONS

Karen is a Senior Research Fellow in the Public Service Research Group at the Business School, UNSW Canberra. She is a health services researcher with a background in sociology, a masters in population health and a PhD in primary health care. 

Karen's research focuses on the implementation of continuous quality improvement programs, primary care performance measurement and commissioning processes, and the evaluation of complex health interventions. Her PhD investigated the sustainability of continuous quality improvement in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care services. She recently co-led the development of the draft National Framework for Continuous Quality Improvement in Aboriginal Primary Health Care Services for the Lowitja Institute.

Her career has spanned academic, government policy and community sector roles and she has been a consultant to the Australian, ACT and NSW governments. She has more than 100 working papers, technical reports, conference presentations and peer reviewed publications. She is a current member of the Evaluation Working Group, Health Care Homes, Australian Department of Health (2016-2019). 

Current research projects include:

  • Gardner K, Van Gool K, Van der Linden N, Campbell M, Agostino J, Dickinson H, Renehan C, Viney R. Evaluation of a healthy skin project in the NT
  • Gardner K, Sibthorpe B, Chan M, Sargent G, McAullay D. Impacts, implementation and effectiveness of Continuous Quality Improvement programs in Indigenous primary health care services
  • Gardner K, Olney S, Dickinson H. Performance governance and the use of performance indicators in assurance and improvement oriented performance management systems
  • Dickinson H, Gardner K, Moon K. Evidence review of the role of consumers in outcome based commissioning health and social care
  • Gardner K, Trueman J, Marsh S, Lucas N, Baldock E. Planned homebirth in the ACT: an archival study of an ACT Midwife-GP shared care model 1976-2001

 

Journal articles

McAullay D; McAuley K; Bailie R; Mathews V; Jacoby P; Gardner K; Sibthorpe B; Strobel N; Edmond K, 2018, 'Sustained participation in annual continuous quality improvement activities improves quality of care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 54, pp. 132 - 140, 10.1111/jpc.13673

Yu S; Van Gool K; Edwards K; Kirby S; Gardner K; Robinson L; Linehan T; Harris M; Hall J, 2018, 'The business of integrated care: Implementing new models of care in a fee-for-service setting', Journal of Integrated Care, vol. 26, pp. 16 - 28, 10.1108/JICA-08-2017-0026

McNamara RJ; Kearns RL; Dennis SM; Harris MF; Gardner K; McDonald J, 2018, 'Knowledge, Skill, and Confidence in People Attending Pulmonary Rehabilitation: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the effects and Determinants of Patient Activation', Journal of Patient Experience, 10.1177/2374373518778864

Sibthorpe B; Gardner K; Chan M; Dowden M; Sargent G; McAullay D, 2018, 'Impacts of continuous quality improvement in Aboriginal and Torres Strait islander primary health care in Australia: A scoping systematic review', Journal of Health Organization and Management, vol. 32, pp. 545 - 571, 10.1108/JHOM-02-2018-0056

Gardner K; Sibthorpe B; Chan M; Sargent G; Dowden M; McAullay D, 2018, 'Implementation of continuous quality improvement in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care in Australia: A scoping systematic review', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 18, 10.1186/s12913-018-3308-2

Gardner K; Kearns R; Woodland L; Silveira M; Hua M; Katz M; Takas K; McDonald J, 2018, 'A scoping review of the evidence on health promotion interventions for reducing waterpipe smoking: Implications for practice', Frontiers in Public Health, vol. 6, 10.3389/fpubh.2018.00308

Kearns R; Gardner K; Silveira M; Woodland L; Hua M; Katz M; Takas K; McDonald J; Harris-Roxas B, 2018, 'Shaping interventions to address waterpipe smoking in Arabic-speaking communities in Sydney, Australia: A qualitative study', BMC Public Health, vol. 18, 10.1186/s12889-018-6270-3

Gardner K; Olney S; Dickinson H, 2018, 'Getting smarter with data: Understanding tensions in the use of data in assurance and improvement-oriented performance management systems to improve their implementation', Health Research Policy and Systems, vol. 16, 10.1186/s12961-018-0401-2

Gardner K; Davies GP; Edwards K; McDonald J; Findlay T; Kearns R; Joshi C; Harris M, 2016, 'A rapid review of the impact of commissioning on service use, quality, outcomes and value for money: Implications for Australian policy', Australian Journal of Primary Health, vol. 22, pp. 40 - 49, 10.1071/PY15148

Gardner K; Parkinson A; Banfield M; Sargent GM; Desborough J; Hehir KK, 2016, 'Usability of patient experience surveys in Australian primary health care: A scoping review', Australian Journal of Primary Health, vol. 22, pp. 93 - 99, 10.1071/PY14179

Sibthorpe B; Gardner K; McAullay D, 2016, 'Furthering the quality agenda in Aboriginal community controlled health services: Understanding the relationship between accreditation, continuous quality improvement and national key performance indi', Australian Journal of Primary Health, vol. 22, pp. 270 - 275, 10.1071/PY15139

Shibasaki S; Gardner K; Sibthorpe B, 2016, 'Using Knowledge Translation to Craft "Sticky" Social Media Health Messages That Provoke Interest, Raise Awareness, Impart Knowledge, and Inspire Change.', JMIR Mhealth Uhealth, vol. 4, pp. e115, 10.2196/mhealth.5987

Brusse C; Gardner K; McAullay D; Dowden M, 2014, 'Social media and mobile apps for health promotion in Australian indigenous populations: Scoping review', Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 16, 10.2196/jmir.3614

Gardner K; Banfield M; McRae I; Gillespie J; Yen L, 2014, 'Improving coordination through information continuity: A framework for translational research', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 14, 10.1186/s12913-014-0590-5

Panaretto KS; Gardner KL; Button S; Carson A; Schibasaki R; Wason G; Baker D; Mein J; Dellit A; Lewis D, 2013, 'Prevention and management of chronic disease in Aboriginal and Islander Community Controlled Health Services in Queensland: A quality improvement study assessing change in selected clinical performanc', BMJ Open, vol. 3, 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002083

Banfield M; Gardner K; McRae I; Gillespie J; Wells R; Yen L, 2013, 'Unlocking information for coordination of care in Australia: A qualitative study of information continuity in four primary health care models', BMC Family Practice, vol. 14, 10.1186/1471-2296-14-34

Gardner K; Yen L; Banfield M; Gillespie J; Mcrae I; Wells R, 2013, 'From coordinated care trials to medicare locals: What difference does changing the policy driver from efficiency to quality make for coordinating care?', International Journal for Quality in Health Care, vol. 25, pp. 50 - 57, 10.1093/intqhc/mzs069

Jowsey T; Ward NJ; Gardner K, 2013, 'Agents in time: Representations of chronic illness', Health Sociology Review, vol. 22, pp. 243 - 254, 10.5172/hesr.2013.22.3.243

Panaretto KS; Gardner KL; Button S; Carson A; Leon D; Schibasaki R; Wason G; Baker D; Mein J; Dellit A, 2013, 'Erratum: Prevention and management of chronic disease in Aboriginal and Islander Community Controlled Health Services in Queensland: A quality improvement study assessing change in selected clinical p', BMJ Open, vol. 3, 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002083corr1

Banfield MA; Gardner KL; Yen LE; McRae IS; Gillespie JA; Wells RW, 2012, 'Coordination of care in Australian mental health policy', Australian Health Review, vol. 36, pp. 153 - 157, 10.1071/AH11049

Gardner K; Bailie R; Si D; O'Donoghue L; Kennedy C; Liddle H; Cox R; Kwedza R; Fittock M; Hains J, 2011, 'Reorienting primary health care for addressing chronic conditions in remote Australia and the South Pacific: Review of evidence and lessons from an innovative quality improvement process', Australian Journal of Rural Health, vol. 19, pp. 111 - 117, 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2010.01181.x

Gardner KL; Dowden M; Togni S; Bailie R, 2010, 'Understanding uptake of continuous quality improvement in Indigenous primary health care: Lessons from a multi-site case study of the Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease project', Implementation Science, vol. 5, 10.1186/1748-5908-5-21

Bailie R; Si D; Shannon C; Semmens J; Rowley K; Scrimgeour DJ; Nagel T; Anderson I; Connors C; Weeramanthri T, 2010, 'Study protocol: National research partnership to improve primary health care performance and outcomes for Indigenous peoples', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 10, 10.1186/1472-6963-10-129

Bailie R; Sibthorpe B; Gardner K; Si D, 2008, 'Quality improvement in indigenous primary health care: History, current initiatives and future directions', Australian Journal of Primary Health, vol. 14, pp. 53 - 57, 10.1071/PY08022

Bailie R; Si D; Connors C; Weeramanthri T; Clark L; Dowden M; O'Donohue L; Condon J; Thompson S; Clelland N, 2008, 'Study protocol: Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease Extension (ABCDE) project', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 8, 10.1186/1472-6963-8-184

Gardner KL; Sibthorpe B; Longstaff D, 2008, 'National quality and performance system for divisions of general practice: Early reflections on a system under development', Australia and New Zealand Health Policy, vol. 5, 10.1186/1743-8462-5-8

McRae IS; Butler JRG; Sibthorpe BM; Ruscoe W; Snow J; Rubiano D; Gardner KL, 2008, 'A cost effectiveness study of integrated care in health services delivery: A diabetes program in Australia', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 8, 10.1186/1472-6963-8-205

Sibthorpe B; Gardner K, 2007, 'A conceptual framework for performance assessment in primary health care', Australian Journal of Primary Health, vol. 13, pp. 96 - 103, 10.1071/PY07027

Gardner K; Sibthorpe B, 2002, 'Impediments to change in an Australian trial of coordinated care', Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol. 7, pp. 2 - 7

Sibthorpe B; Drinkwater J; Gardner K; Bammer G, 1995, 'Drug use, binge drinking and attempted suicide among homeless and potentially homeless youth', Australasian Psychiatry, vol. 29, pp. 248 - 256, 10.1080/00048679509075917

Sibthorpe B; Drinkwater J; Gardner K; Bammer G, 1995, 'Drug use, binge drinking and attempted suicide among homeless and potentially homeless youth', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 29, pp. 248 - 256, 10.1080/00048679509075917