Associate Professor Harald Kleine

Associate Professor
School of Engineering and Information Technology
+61 2 5114 5166
+61 2 6268 8276

LOCATION

Building 17, room 130A

  • ABOUT
  • PUBLICATIONS

Harald Kleine received his degrees in Mechanical/Aeronautical Engineering (Dipl.-Ing., equivalent to a Masters, and Dr.-Ing., equivalent to a PhD) at the Technical University of Aachen, Germany. During his postgraduate studies he began to design and build advanced optical systems for the visualisation of unsteady high-speed gas flows as observed in shock tubes and super- and hypersonic wind tunnels. He continued to work in this field during a postdoctoral fellowship at McGill University, Montreal, Canada (1995-97). Subsequently, he joined the Ottawa-based company Med-Eng Systems for two years, during which he worked on the design and testing of blast protection equipment. The flow visualisation aspect of Dr. Kleine’s shock wave research came again to the foreground in 1999, when he followed an invitation of Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, to lead the Gas Dynamics Laboratory within the Department of Aeronautical Engineering. After the end of his contract with Tohoku University in 2002, Dr. Kleine became a Senior Lecturer and later an Associate Professor at the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy in Canberra, where he has established a high-speed flows laboratory. He has published more than 100 papers on density-sensitive flow visualisation and its application to the investigation of various gasdynamic problems. His current work focuses on the development of improved time-resolved visualisation techniques and associated applications in shock wave research such as fully unsteady shock wave reflection/focusing/interaction phenomena as well as studies of the physics of blast waves and exterior ballistics.

Book Chapters

Sheridan C; Young J; Kleine H; Hiraki K; Nonaka S, 2017, 'Ground Effect of Transonic and Supersonic Projectiles: Influence of Mach Number and Ground Clearance', in , Springer International Publishing, pp. 635 - 640, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46213-4_109

Kleine H; Previtali FA; Timofeev E, 2017, 'The Influence of Concave Wedge Tips on Shock Reflection Patterns', in , Springer International Publishing, pp. 641 - 645, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46213-4_110

Kleine H, 2017, 'High-speed imaging of shock waves and their flow fields', in The Micro-World Observed by Ultra High-Speed Cameras: We See What You Don't See, pp. 127 - 155, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61491-5_6

Journal articles

MacLucas D; Skews B; Kleine H, 2020, 'Shock wave interactions within concave cavities', Experiments in Fluids, vol. 61, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00348-020-2914-z

Kaebe BD; Robins NP; Boyson TK; Kleine H; O’Byrne S, 2018, '1.6 MHz scanning rate direct absorption temperature measurements using a single vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser diode', Applied Optics, vol. 57, pp. 5680 - 5687, http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.57.00568

Sridhar V; Gai SL; Kleine H, 2016, 'Oscillatory characteristics of shallow open cavities in supersonic flow', AIAA Journal, vol. 54, pp. 3495 - 3508, http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.J054089

Doig G; Wang S; Kleine H; Young J, 2016, 'Aerodynamic analysis of projectiles in ground effect at near-sonic Mach numbers', AIAA Journal, vol. 54, pp. 150 - 160, http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.J054114

MacLucas DA; Skews BW; Kleine H, 2015, 'High-speed imaging of shock wave focusing in concave profiles using shearing interferometry and direction-indicating colour schlieren', Journal of Visualization, vol. 18, pp. 521 - 529, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12650-014-0261-y

Sridhar V; Kleine H; Gai SL, 2015, 'Visualization of wave propagation within a supersonic two-dimensional cavity by digital streak schlieren', Experiments in Fluids, vol. 56, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00348-015-2026-3

Gai SL; Kleine H; Neely AJ, 2015, 'Supersonic flow over a shallow open rectangular cavity', Journal of Aircraft, vol. 52, pp. 609 - 616, http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.C032781

Brieschenk S; O'Byrne S; Kleine H, 2014, 'Ignition characteristics of laser-ionized fuel injected into a hypersonic crossflow', Combustion and Flame, vol. 161, pp. 1015 - 1025, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.09.024

Kleine H; Timofeev E; Hakkaki-Fard A; Skews B, 2014, 'The influence of Reynolds number on the triple point trajectories at shock reflection off cylindrical surfaces', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 740, pp. 47 - 60, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2013.634

HIRAKI K; YASUOKA K; KLEINE H, 2014, 'Wind Tunnel Investigations on Dynamic Characteristics of Earth-Returning Vehicle', TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN, vol. 12, pp. Po_2_51 - Po_2_56, http://dx.doi.org/10.2322/tastj.12.po_2_51

Brieschenk S; Kleine H; O'Byrne S, 2013, 'On the measurement of laser-induced plasma breakdown thresholds', Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 114, http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4819806

Brieschenk S; Kleine HH; O'Byrne SB, 2013, 'The effect of blast wave re-focusing on a laser-induced plasma', Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, pp. Art. No. 103101, http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4794017

Kleine HH, 2013, 'Schlieren imaging and the real world', Journal of Visualization, vol. 16, pp. 193 - 199, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12650-013-0169-y

Brieschenk S; O Byrne SB; Kleine HH, 2013, 'Laser-induced plasma ignition studies in a model scramjet engine', Combustion and Flame, vol. 160, pp. 145 - 148, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2012.08.011

Brieschenk S; O''byrne SB; Kleine HH, 2013, 'Visualization of jet development in laser-induced plasmas', Optics Letters, vol. 38, pp. 664 - 666, http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.38.000664

Brieschenk S; Kleine H; O'Byrne S, 2013, 'Laser ignition of hypersonic air–hydrogen flow', Shock Waves, vol. 23, pp. 439 - 452, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-013-0447-6

Brieschenk S; Gehre RM; Wheatley V; Boyce RR; Kleine H; O'Byrne S, 2012, 'Jet interaction in a hypersonic flow: A comparison between PLIF thermometry and computational simulation', 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences 2012, ICAS 2012, vol. 3, pp. 2523 - 2533

Skews BW; Kleine H, 2011, 'Erratum: Shock wave interaction with convex circular cylindrical surfaces (Journal of Fluid Mechanics (2010) 654 (195-205))', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 679, pp. 667, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2011.227

Kleine H, 2011, 'Editorial', Shock Waves, vol. 21, pp. 173, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-011-0327-x

Hruschka RB; O''Byrne S; Kleine HH, 2011, 'Comparison of velocity and temperature measurements with simulations in a hypersonic wake flow', Experiments in Fluids, vol. 51, pp. 407 - 421, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00348-011-1039-9

Kleine H, 2010, 'Editorial', Shock Waves, vol. 20, pp. 269 - 269, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-010-0271-1

Kleine HH; Vo Le C; Takehara K; Etoh T, 2010, 'Time-resolved visualization of shock - vortex systems emitted from an open shock tube', Journal of Visualization, vol. 13, pp. 33 - 40, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12650-009-0009-2

Skews B; Kleine HH, 2010, 'Shock wave interaction with convex circular cylindrical surfaces', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 654, pp. 195 - 205, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112010001151

Kleine HH, 2010, 'Filiming the invisible - time-resolved visualization of compressible flows', European Physical Journal - Special Topics, vol. 182, pp. 3 - 34, http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2010-01223-2

Hruschka RB; O Byrne SB; Kleine HH, 2010, 'Two-component Doppler-shift fluorescence velocimetry applied to a generic planetary entry probe model', Experiments in Fluids, vol. 48, pp. 1109 - 1120, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00348-009-0794-3

Doig GC; Barber TJ; Leonardi E; Neely AJ; Kleine HH, 2010, 'Aerodynamics of a Supersonic Projectile in Proximity to a Solid Surface', AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, vol. 48, pp. 2916 - 2930, http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.J050505

Kleine HH, 2010, 'Filming the invisible - time-resolved visualization of compressible flows', European Physical Journal - Special Topics, vol. 182, pp. 3 - 34, http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2010-01223-2

Skews B; Kleine HH, 2009, 'Unsteady flow diagnostics using weak perturbations', Experiments in Fluids, vol. 46, pp. 65 - 76, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00348-008-0539-8

Cho JY; Kang KH; Sasoh A; Jeung IS; Urabe N; Kleine H, 2008, 'Impulse generation mechanisms in a laser-driven in-tube accelerator', Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, vol. 51, pp. 71 - 77, http://dx.doi.org/10.2322/tjsass.51.71

Kleine HH; Settles G, 2008, 'The art of shock waves and their flowfields', Shock Waves, vol. 17, pp. 291 - 307, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-007-0118-6

Reim B; Panetta C; Samanes E; Gai SL; Milthorpe JF; Kleine HH, 2008, 'An investigation into supersonic shallow swept cavity flows', Aeronautical Journal, vol. 112, pp. 581 - 592, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001924000002542

Hruschka RB; O Byrne SB; Kleine HH, 2008, 'Diode-laser-based near-resonantly enhanced flow visualization in shock tunnels', Applied Optics, vol. 47, pp. 4352 - 4360, http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.004352

Doig GC; Barber TJ; Leonardi E; Neely AJ; Kleine HH, 2008, 'Methods for investigating supersonic ground effect in a blowdown wind tunnel', Shock Waves, vol. 18, pp. 155 - 159, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-008-0144-z

McIntyre T; Kleine HH; Houwing AF, 2007, 'Optical imaging techniques for hypersonic impulse facilities', Aeronautical Journal, vol. 111, pp. 1 - 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001924000001718

Skews B; Kleine HH, 2007, 'Flow features resulting from shock wave impact on a cylindrical cavity', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 580, pp. 481 - 493, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112007005757

Kleine HH; Rahman S; Timofeev E, 2007, 'Pressure measurements in laboratory-scale blast wave flow fields', Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 78, pp. 1 - 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2818807

Kleine H, 2006, 'Report of the third International Symposium on Interdisciplinary Shock Wave Research (ISISWR-3)', Shock Waves, vol. 16, pp. 93 - 94, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-006-0050-1

Kleine HH, 2006, 'Shock wave diffraction around a cylinder with subsequent reflection from the shock tube end wall', Journal of Visualization, vol. 9, pp. 244 - 244

Kleine H; Timofeev E; Takayama K, 2005, 'Laboratory-scale blast wave phenomena - Optical diagnostics and applications', Shock Waves, vol. 14, pp. 343 - 357, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-005-0279-0

Kleine HH; Hiraki K; Maruyama H, 2005, 'High Speed time-resolved color Schlieren visualization of shock wave phenomena', Shock Waves, vol. 14, pp. 333 - 341, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-005-0273-6

Kleine HH; Gronig H; Takayama K, 2005, 'Simultaneous Shadow, Schlieren and Interferometic Visualisation of Compressible Flows', Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol. 44, pp. 170 - 189, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2005.04.009

Kleine HH; Takayama K; Timofeev E, 2005, 'Laboratory - scale blast wave phenomenon', Shock Waves, vol. 14, pp. 343 - 357

Kleine HH, 2003, 'Studies of the TNT equivalence of silver azide charges', Shock Waves, vol. 13, pp. 123 - 138, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00193-003-0204-3

Mizukaki T; Kleine HH; Takayama K, 2002, 'Initiation threshold energy of silver azide pellets by Nd:YAG laser irradiation', Kayaku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Explosives Society, vol. 63, pp. 58 - 64

Mizukaki T; Kleine H; Takayama K, 2002, 'Digital phase-sift holographic interferometry for quantitative measurements of weak shock waves and its related phenomena', Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 4778, pp. 358 - 365, http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.473552

Ohashi K; Kleine H; Takayama K, 2002, 'Study on blast waves generated by milligram charges', Kayaku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Explosives Society, vol. 63, pp. 397 - 403

Kleine H; Grðnig H; Takayama K, 2001, 'Simultaneous schlieren and interferometry flow visualization', Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 4183, pp. 299 - 308, http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.424291

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