Despite significant developments in bilateral relations since normalization, a number of problems still threaten to unsettle Vietnam’s relations with China in the long term. The South China Sea (SCS) disputes stand out as the single most challenging one. Contributing to the dynamics of the disputes is a wide range of drivers, in which geo-strategic and economic ones are the most important. While both factors driving China’s moves in the SCS have been extensively studied, they have not been equally examined on the part of Vietnam. This literature gap makes it difficult to fully appreciate the dynamics of Vietnam’s SCS disputes with China at a time when economic considerations, following its launch of Doi Moi, have been playing an increasingly important role in shaping the country’s foreign policy in general and SCS strategy in particular. The seminar therefore seeks to address this gap. The seminar will start by offering an overview of the disputes and how they have presented themselves as the most serious irritant to bilateral relations. It will then comparatively analyze the role of geo-strategic versus economic drivers of the disputes on the part of Vietnam. Finally, it will examine the role of economic factors, especially the development of Vietnam's maritime industries as well as the growing bilateral economic interdependence, in the shaping of Vietnam’s SCS strategy and their implications for the disputes’ evolution.