Lecture Theatre 3, 15:00- 16:30
Chair & Convenor: Dr. Debbie Lackerstein


The Fragmented Figure of the Spy: Isolation, Betrayal and Guilt in Cold War and Post-9/11 Spy Fiction
Tonya Rowley, Honours Student, University of New South Wales, Canberra

The purpose of this research is to investigate and compare representations of the figure of the spy across three Cold War-era and three contemporary spy novels. In particular, it will examine the way in which the psychological impact of spy work is represented as affecting the spy through considering depictions of isolation, erasure of self and loss of identity; paranoia and betrayal; and guilt as a consequence of intelligence failure. Drawing on elements of postmodern literary and trauma theory, this research reconsiders selected works by prominent Cold War-era spy fiction authors John Le Carre and Graham Greene alongside contemporary texts by Susan Hasler, Stella Rimington and Robert Littell. There is existing research on literary depictions of trauma in relation to various demographics, such as soldiers and civilian victims of war. The unique way in which trauma impacts the figure of the spy or intelligence officer and how these depictions have changed from the Cold War era to the 21st century remains largely unexplored. This thesis attempts to bridge this research gap through in-depth analysis of the fragmented figure of the spy.

Tonya Rowley is a member of the Australian Regular Army, joining in 2015 after graduating high school in Melbourne. She studied a Bachelor of Arts majoring in English and Mandarin at UNSW Canberra. She hopes to further her studies in English in the future.



How can participation in land management programs contribute to Indigenous health in Australia?
Nancy Lai, Honours Student, University of New South Wales, Canberra

This thesis aims to determine how participation in land management programs can contribute to Indigenous health in Australia. The current dominant use of Western indicators and models of health to measure Indigenous health presents a challenge as it does not include Indigenous Knowledge (IK) systems and can be interpreted as a continuing form of neo-colonialism. The results and data obtained may not be meaningful to the communities themselves. In recent years, there has been increasing recognition that social and cultural determinants can affect the health of Indigenous peoples in Australia and globally. In this thesis, Indigenous concepts of health and wellbeing will be explored by drawing upon Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ontologies to develop a conceptualisation framework of health based on Indigenous social and cultural determinants of health. This framework will be applied to a comparative case study analysis to determine whether participation in land management can improve Indigenous health. The findings will suggest a more culturally appropriate way to assess the health and wellbeing of Indigenous Australians. There is also potential for practical implications on future policy making where IK and an Indigenous model of health can be considered during Indigenous land management program design and implementation.

Nancy Lai is an Honours student at UNSW Canberra. She has completed a Bachelor of Science/Arts at UNSW Sydney, specialising in Physiology and Development Studies. She hopes to combine her interests and work in the fields of health and public policy in the future.



What it means to be an Indonesian Muslim: an analysis of youth perspectives on Nationalism and Islam
Samantha Chapman, Honours Student, University of New South Wales, Canberra

The purpose of this research is to investigate the responses of young Indonesians to the tension between Islam and nationalism in today’s society. More specifically it will answer the questions of how the youth are redefining what it means to be an Indonesian Muslim, what are the driving factors for this new modern Indonesian Islamic movement and why are people being driven away from traditional Indonesian nationalism.  There is a pre-existing exploration on the pre-existing and continuing discourse between the ideas of Islam and Indonesia nationalism and what is being done to remedy this. However, the research that has been conducted in this area has lacked the understanding of the young population’s frame of mind towards this tension or their responses of what it means to be both an Indonesian and a Muslim. The decline of nationalism in current years has been coupled with an intensification of Islamism in Indonesia, seen by the number of defections towards radical groups, and through other avenues. Youth have always been the driving force for change in Indonesian society, and it is a well-known fact that the youth of a nation are its largest agents for change. Thus, it is important to consider why and how Islam is being interpreted and expressed in modern society. This thesis will explore why younger people are more attracted to the ideas presented by modern Islamic teachings than over pure nationalistic identities.


Samantha Chapman is originally from Cranbourne, Victoria, and joined the Australian Regular Army in 2016 after high school graduation.  She studied a Bachelor of Arts majoring in geography and Indonesian studies at UNSW Canberra, graduating in 2018.  Future career aspirations include having a long and enjoyable career in defence with furthering her studies of the Indonesian language and culture