PANEL 6: CIVIC SPACES AND POLITICAL CONTESTATIONS IN INDONESIA
Lecture Theatre 2, 13:00- 14:30
Chair: Md Juel Rana Kutub
Exploring Moral Experience: Indonesians of Diverse Sexualities and the 2019 General Election
Kade Newell, Honours Student, University of New South Wales, Sydney
Since 2016, Indonesia has seen a dramatic rise in anti-LGBTQ public sentiment in the form of oppressive policies, arbitrary arrests, and acts of violence. In the 2019 general election, these events continued unabated, and the lived experiences of Indonesians of diverse sexualities were routinely shaped by moral discourses, situating them within immoral subject positions (i.e. immoral identities). This research seeks to explore these lived experiences by asking, in light of the 2019 general election, how are the moral experiences of Indonesians of diverse sexualities shaped by the stigma associated with being LGBTQ? This question is explored through the conceptual framework of moral experience, directing attention towards the range of diverse sexual experiences between the moral and immoral subject positions determined by dominant moral discourses. Using this framework, this project makes three key arguments. First, that intersecting moral discourses emerging from family, religion, and nation provide the underlying cultural moralities that have defined immoral subject positions during the election. Second, that the rise in political Islam during the 2019 election, and participation in election abstention, have shaped the moral experiences of Indonesians of diverse sexualities, while also creating uncertainty over future LGBTQ experiences. Third, that queer spaces and subjectivities allow Indonesians of diverse sexualities to cast aside immoral subject positions, thereby cultivating moral experiences in response to moral discourses, and that these spaces have been compromised during and after the election.
Kade Newell studied a Bachelor of International Studies majoring in development studies at UNSW Sydney, and is currently completing a Bachelor of Social Sciences (Hons). His research focusses on LGBTQ rights in Indonesia and the anthropology of morality, with a particular interest in how LGBTQ experiences are informed by politics, culture, and religion.
Fostering Inter-Faith Engagement through Civic Crowdfunding in Contemporary Indonesia
Bhirawa Anoraga, PhD Candidate, University of New South Wales, Canberra
This paper aims to examine in what way and to what extent new media can foster inter-faith engagement in Indonesia. One important development in 21st century is the global spread of the internet that leads scholars to coin the term ‘networked society’. Nevertheless, we are witnessing that this development is also accompanied by the growing populism in many parts of the world including in Indonesia. The case of Indonesia shows that Islamic populism is growing through social media that to some extent leads to inter-faith violence and sectarian division. This research will investigate, to what extent new media can also be used to foster inter-faith engagement? It will draw from the case of the largest civic crowdfunding platform in Indonesia, Kitabisa. Civic crowdfunding is growing rapidly in Indonesia nowadays. It combines civil society engagement and resource mobilisation through the internet. By drawing from the trend of civic crowdfunding, this study will present two main arguments. First, in contrast to the studies which state the domination of digital technology in Indonesia by the radical and conservative groups, the internet has also facilitated the views of Muslims with pluralist mindset. These Muslims use civic crowdfunding to support their inclusive social engagement in Indonesia. Second, to some extent, the use of the internet in social engagement has also influenced Muslim philanthropy organisations, that play prominent role in Indonesian civil society, to initiate inter-faith projects. The findings of this study will contribute in painting a more nuanced picture on the impacts of new media toward inter-faith relations in Indonesia. This study will draw from an 8-month fieldwork interviewing the parties that involve in civic crowdfunding practices that is complemented by a netnography research on crowdfunding platform and social media in Indonesia.
Bhirawa Anoraga is a PhD candidate at School of Humanities and Social Sciences, UNSW Canberra, under the supervision of A. Prof. Minako Sakai. He is in the final year of PhD program and currently in the writing stage of a thesis titled “Fostering Inter-Faith Engagement through Civic Crowdfunding in Contemporary Indonesia.” Previously he obtained a Master degree from Durham University in MSc of Islamic Finance and Management. He is interested in the topic of Islam in Indonesia, youth and development. He had done 8-month fieldwork in Indonesia and presented his findings at ASAA 2018 and ‘Islam in Indonesia Postgraduate Workshop’ last year. He is also going to present his study in the International Symposium of Jurnal Antropologi Indonesia, July 2019 in Yogyakarta.
Lecturers’ Perceptions and Their Implementation of the New English Curriculum at Indonesian Universities
Burhanudin Syaifulloh, PhD candidate, University of Canberra
In 2012, a new curriculum of higher education in Indonesia known as the Higher Education Curriculum was introduced. The new curriculum places great emphasis on achieving global competency standards through internalization of knowledge, behaviour, skill, competence, and the accumulation of working experience. This paper sketches my PhD research project in which I intend to investigate lecturers’ perceptions and their implementation of the new English curriculum at Indonesian universities. The urgency of doing this research is due to the fact that the implementation of a new curriculum in many contexts is often problematic, particularly in a classroom level (Hardman & A-Rahman 2014; Mligo 2016). I intend to employ a qualitative method for this study, with English lecturers (N = 15) as the participants of the study. The data would be collected through semi-structured interviews and classroom observations and analysed through coding and examining data, making explicit patterns, and elaborating and formalizing the data (Scott & Usher, 2011). The findings of this research are expected to provide important insights into curriculum development and implementation at classroom level and to contribute to the body of knowledge about curriculum design and evaluation in the EFL (English as a Foreign Language) Indonesian context.
Burhanudin Syaifulloh is an English lecturer at Institut Agama Islam Negeri (State Islamic Institute) Kediri, Indonesia. He is a PhD candidate at the Faculty of Education, University of Canberra. He completed his bachelor degree (Bachelor of English Letters) at STAIN Malang, Indonesia in 2002 and his master degree (M.Ed) specializing in TESOL International at Monash University, Australia in 2009. His interests include English Language Teaching (ELT), curriculum development and discourse analysis.
The Future of Academics in Public Office: A Lesson from Indonesia
Ario Wicaksono, PhD Candidate, University of Canberra
Indonesia has a longstanding tradition of appointing academics into public office. The practice has been steadily increasing and is adopted as a solution to fill in the gap of expertise in government agencies. Their presence is deemed important to establish a capable bureaucracy to address any development issue. However, contemporary research showed that, although being influential, they were prevented from pursuing entirely technocratic policies by the political elite and political dynamics. To some extent, their presence even has been criticised for only to make the regime’s policy appear more technocratically sound and legitimate. This paper is not only aimed to evaluate the existing situation but mainly to map potential future and ideal positioning of academics in the public sector. Based on empirical findings of the ongoing research project, this presentation will seek on how and in what position that academics and intellectuals can ‘speak the truth to power’ and influence the policy development and change in Indonesia. Indonesia will serve as a good case since it will provide an opportunity to further experimentation on the future relationship between science and power in the context of a state in transition to democracy. As a policy studies scholar, I will frame my discussion and presentation using the lens of public policy analysis, an approach that has never been used to investigate this phenomenon.
Ario Wicaksono is a PhD candidate in political science and policy studies at the Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis at the University of Canberra since 2016. Since 2018, he has been working as a lecturer at the Department of Public Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. His research interests include organisational studies in the public sector as well as policy transfer and learning. His PhD research project is supported by the Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) Scholarship.