Dr Jai Galliott

Director - Values in Defence & Security Technology Group
School of Engineering and Information Technology
UNSW Canberra Cyber


Building 21, Room 370-71


Dr. Jai Galliott is Director of the Values in Defence & Security Technology Group, School of Engineering & IT, within the University of New South Wales at Australian Defence Force Academy, where he also sits on the Faculty & University Boards. He also holds appointments as a Fellow of the Modern War Institute at the West Point and the Centre for Technology & Global Affairs in the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford. He manages research income in excess of $10 million.

Galliott initially trained to be a Principal Warfare Officer in Her Majesty's Royal Australian Navy, but honourably resigned his commission in 2007 to pursue an academic career unavailable to him in the services, and has since received numerous degrees, the first a Bachelor of Arts (with High Distinction) in philosophy and sociology from Macquarie University in Sydney, where he won the inaugural Communities of Enquiry Prize. He then secured an Honours Scholarship from Charles Sturt University, receiving Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy with First Class Honours for a dissertation on the ethics and efficacy of military robotics and, finally, completed his tertiary education with a PhD on the ethical and social implication of autonomous systems from Macquarie University, supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award. Galliott was the first person in Macquarie University's history to submit a full book manuscript as a thesis-by-publication for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, which was awarded without corrections.

He held appointments in the Department of Philosophy at Macquarie University from 2012-2015. From 2015-2016, he was a listed researcher on half-a-million-dollar grant awarded to the School of Social Sciences at the University of New South Wales at Kensington by the Australian Department of Defence for the provision of advice on the tactical and strategic issues associated with the rapid uptake of emerging military technologies and their potential impact upon the Australian Defence Force. During this project, Galliott developed a series of original research articles on the implications of artificial intelligence (AI), human performance enhancement, autonomous systems and the broader impact of technology upon the personnel and force structure of the services in response to their stated needs. Galliott then again held appointments at Macquarie University and was later offered a highly competitive Sêr Cymru II Fellowship at Aberystwyth University, part funded by the European Commission through the Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) COFUND scheme, for a project that was to critically analyse how cumulative technological innovations in the security and defence space have elevated the role of individuals – particularly warfighters, politicians and technologists – in modern virtual and remote conflict, challenging existing concepts, doctrines, risk frameworks and military/non-military actors themselves. Grateful for the offer, he instead assumed his current role at the Australian Defence Force Academy. Galliott also operates a private defence consultancy firm, DefenceTech Consulting and, earlier in his career, received competitive funding from the Australian Army and the Defence Science & Technology Group of the Australian Department of Defence to conduct research and prepare reports for military stakeholders on autonomous systems, soldier enhancement, cyber warfare and related topics.

Galliott has developed a reputation as Australia's foremost expert on the socio-ethical implications of artificial intelligence (AI) and is regarded as an internationally respected scholar on emerging technologies more generally. He authored one of the first book-length scholarly monographs on the ethics of autonomous weapons systems, Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape (Ashgate 2015/Routledge 2016) and has published numerous books and dozens of articles and books chapters on directly related topics. Recent reviews of Galliott's publications by a diverse range of scholars and practitioners point to the quality and international significance of his research:

'The use of force short of war is a new topic in political and military thought. I cannot imagine a better introduction to the topic than this book. Jai Galliott has brought together a group of writers representing all the possible positions, and their arguments are spirited and engrossing' - Emeritus Professor Michael Walzer, The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

‘A solid, carefully considered and down-to-earth resource with absolute relevance for those in the military who lead and protect at the sharp end, and indeed for anyone who ponders the changing character of warfare’ - Warren Reed, former intelligence officer, Australian. Secret Intelligence Service

‘The insights offered by Dr Galliott make this book essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand the nuances and stark choices facing policymakers, the military, humanitarian advocates and society in prosecuting armed conflict against the background of an ongoing quest for a non-violent future’ – Dr. Joseph Savirimuthu, The Liverpool Law School, UK

‘Jai Galliott’s book leads us through a terrain that is frightening and exciting at the same time. The book captures this two-sidedness of military robots and their manifold uses admirably well. Both a concise analysis of morality and responsibility and an impressive overview of the field of military robotics, this is a crucial volume’ – Dr. Henrik Syse, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway, in the Journal of Military Ethics

‘Why do states and militaries prefer to develop and employ military robots? How do we evaluate the strong and weak points of modern military robots from moral and technological perspectives? How can we draw lessons from the complexities of modern military technology? Readers will find answers to these questions in Military Robots by Jai Galliott—a brilliant applied ethicist and military theorist’ – Dr. Kai Chen, Xiamen University, China, in International Affairs

His current work is concerned with how technological innovations in the defence and security space have enabled a shift away from industrialised warfare, toward a new form of individualised distance conflict that, while offering important benefits, challenges existing concepts, doctrines, risk frameworks and military/non-military actors themselves in ways that are not always obvious from the study of single technologies. He is particularly interested in examining the origins of these challenges in the remnant tensions between the moral, legal, political, technical and strategic needs of the relevant stakeholders, as well as reconciling some of these tensions by devising and deploying an analytical frameworks grounded in applied-social sciences to inform public debate on emerging military technologies and, innovatively, offer value-sensitive guidance to civilian and military policy-makers and technical designers. He also seeks to apply this methodology to related civilian technologies.

He has been invited to speak at prestigious government and non-government forums across the world, including Oxford University, the Halifax International Security Forum, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and expert meetings convened by the United Nations at the Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. He is also an associate of the Consortium on Emerging Technologies, Military Operations, and National Security (CETMONS), the US Navy Consortium for Robotics and Unmanned Systems Education and Research (CRUSER), the Programme on the Regulation of Emerging Technologies at the University of Melbourne, and is a member of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies (IEET). He regularly contributes to the work of international media outlets, including CNN, ABC Television and the BBC World Service. He is Lead Editor of the Routledge book series on Emerging Technologies, Ethics and International Affairs, as well a former Associate Editor of IEEE Technology & Society Magazine.

Galliott's holds an AGSVA security clearance last reviewed in 2018.


Galliott J, 2019, FORCE SHORT OF WAR IN MODERN CONFLICT: Jus Ad Vim, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh

Galliott J; Lotz M, (ed.), 2015, Super Soldiers: The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications, Ashgate, Surrey

Galliott J, (ed.), 2015, Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance, Ashgate, Surrey

Galliott J; Reed W, (ed.), 2015, Ethics and Intelligence Collection: Technology and Future of Spying, Routledge, London, http://www.tandf.net/books/details/9781138820395/

Galliott J, 2015, Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape, Military and Defence Ethics, Ashgate, Surrey, http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781472426642

Book Chapters

Galliott J; Braun C, 2019, 'Jus ad vim and the Question of How to do Just War Theory', in Force Short of War in Modern Conflict: Jus ad Vim, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh

Galliott J, 2019, 'Asymmetry in Modern Combat: Explaining the Inadequacy of Jus ad Bellum and Jus in Bello', in Galliott J (ed.), Force Short of War in Modern Conflict: Jus ad Vim, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh

Galliott J, 2019, 'An Introduction to Force Short of War', in Galliott J (ed.), Force Short of War in Modern Conflict: Jus ad Vim, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh

Galliott J, 2018, 'Trump, The Revolution in Military Affairs and What it Means for Australia', in Tan A (ed.), Handbook on the United States in Asia: Managing Hegemonic Decline, Retaining Influence in the Trump Era, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Galliott J, 2018, 'Humans, autonomous systems, and killing in war', in Luppicini R (ed.), The Changing Scope of Technoethics in Contemporary Society, IGI Global, Hershey, Pensylvania, pp. 135 - 152, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-5094-5.ch008

Galliott J; Kozary C, 2018, 'The Panopticon', in Arrigo B; Golson G (ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security and Privacy, SAGE, Thousand Oaks, http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483359922

Galliott JC, 2017, 'Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Proliferation, Disengagement and Disempowerment', in Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Technology, Definition, Ethics, Law & Security, Federal Foreign Office, Frankfurt, pp. 85 - 97

Galliott JC, 2017, 'Killer Artificial Intelligence', in Arp R (ed.), The X-Files and Philosophy: The Truth Is In Here, Open Court Press, Chicago, pp. 275 - 282

Galliott JC, 2017, 'The Individualisation of War: Problems and Challenges', in Ethics Under Fire: Challenges for the Australian Army, New South Press, Sydney, pp. 170 - 181, https://www.newsouthbooks.com.au/books/ethics-under-fire/

Galliott JC, 2017, 'On the Unabomber and Robots: The Need for a Philosophy of Technology Geared Toward Human Ends', in Lin P; Abney K; Jenkins R (ed.), Robot Ethics 2.0: New Challenges in Philosophy, Law, and Society, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 369 - 385, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190652951.003.0024

Galliott J, 2016, 'Emerging technologies, asymmetric force and terrorist blowback', in Ethics and the Future of Spying: Technology, National Security and Intelligence Collection, pp. 158 - 176, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315743912

Galliott J, 2016, 'Subcontracting', in Joseph P; Golson G (ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of War, SAGE, Thousand Oaks

Galliott J, 2016, 'Cyberwar: Asymmetry and Responsibility', in Hadji-Janev M (ed.), Handbook on Research on Civil Society and National Security in the Era of Cyber Warfare, IGI, Hershey, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8793-6

Galliott JC; Lotz M, 2015, 'Introduction', in Galliott JAI; Lotz M (ed.), Super Soldiers: The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications, edn. 4, pp. 397 - 398, http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/944027.944028

Galliott J, 2015, 'Introduction to Commercial Space Exploration', in Galliott J (ed.), , Routledge, New York

Galliott J; Reed W, 2015, 'Introduction to Ethics and the Future of Spying', in Galliott J; Reed W (ed.), , Routledge, New York

Galliott J, 2015, 'Introduction to Super Soldiers', in Galliott J; Lotz M (ed.), , Routledge, New York

Galliott JC, 2015, 'Introduction', in Galliott J (ed.), Commercial space exploration: Ethics, policy and governance, Ashgate, Surrey, pp. 1 - 195, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46488-5

Lin P; Mehlman M; Abney K; French S; Vallor S; Galliott J; Burnam-Fink M; LaCroix AR; Schuknecht S, 2015, 'Super soldiers: The ethical, legal, and operational implications', in Business Law and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, pp. 1527 - 1548, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8195-8.ch074

Galliott J, 2015, 'Responsibility and War Machines: Toward a forward-looking and functional account', in Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous Technology, IGI Global, Hershey, PA, pp. 152 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8592-5.ch008

Galliott J, 2015, 'Artificial Intelligence and Space Robotics: Questions of responsibility', in Galliott J (ed.), Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance, Ashgate, Surrey & Burlington, pp. 211 - 228

Ketcham C; Galliott JC, 2015, 'Outsourcing Space', in Galliott J (ed.), Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance, Ashgate, Surrey & Burlington, pp. 211 - 228, https://www.routledge.com/products/9781472436115

Galliott JC, 2015, 'Of Downton and Drones', in Barkman A; Arp R (ed.), Downton Abbey and Philosophy, edn. Popular Culture and Philosophy® series, Open Court Press, Chicago, pp. 195 - 204, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/downton.htm

Galliott J, 2014, 'Military robotics and emotion: Challenges to just war theory', in Handbook of Research on Synthesizing Human Emotion in Intelligent Systems and Robotics, pp. 386 - 403, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-7278-9.ch019

Galliott J, 2014, 'Drones and Terrorist Blowback', in Arp R (ed.), Homeland and Philosophy : for your minds only, edn. Popular culture and philosophy, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/homeland.htm

Lin P; Mehlman M; Abney K; Vallor S; French S; Galliott J; Burnam-Fink M; LaCroix A; Schuknecht S, 2014, 'Super Soldiers (Part 2): The Ethical, Legal, and Operational Implications', in Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies, IGI Global, Hershey, pp. 139 - 160, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-6010-6

Lin P; Mehlman M; Abney K; Galliott J, 2014, 'Super Soldiers (Part 1): What is Military Human Enhancement?', in Thompson S (ed.), Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies, IGI Global, pp. 119 - 138, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-6010-6

Galliott J, 2013, 'Who's to Blame?', in Michaud N (ed.), Frankenstein and Philosophy: The Shocking Truth, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/frankenstein.htm

Galliott J, 2013, 'Death's Just a Click Away', in Baltzer-Jaray K; Arp R (ed.), The Good Wife and Philosophy: Temptations of Saint Alicia, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/good_wife.htm

Journal articles

Jevglevskaja N; Galliott J, 2019, 'Airmen and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: The Danger of Generalization', US Airforce Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs, vol. Fall, pp. 33 - 65, https://www.airuniversity.af.edu/Portals/10/JIPA/journals/Volume-02_Issue-3/03-Jevglevskaja-Galliott.pdf

Galliott J; Scholz J, 2019, 'Artificial Intelligence in Weapons: The Moral Imperative for Minimally-Just Autonomy', US Air Force Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs, vol. 1, pp. 57 - 67, https://www.airuniversity.af.edu/Portals/10/JIPA/journals/Volume-01_Issue-2/04-Galliott-Scholz.pdf

Wyatt A; Galliott J, 2018, 'Closing the Capability Gap: ASEAN Military Modernization during the Dawn of Autonomous Weapon Systems', Asian Security, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14799855.2018.1516639

Galliott J, 2018, 'The soldier's tolerance for autonomous systems', Paladyn, vol. 9, pp. 124 - 136, http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/pjbr-2018-0008

Galliott J, 2018, 'Trump’s Military as the De Facto Environmental Leader', Ethics, Policy and Environment, vol. 21, pp. 13 - 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21550085.2018.1447891

Galliott JC, 2017, 'The limits of robotic solutions to human challenges in the land domain', Defence Studies, vol. 17, pp. 327 - 345, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14702436.2017.1333890

Galliott J, 2017, 'Britain, Australia and Toynbee’s cliff: intelligence on a ledge', Journal of Intelligence History, vol. 16, pp. 112 - 115, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16161262.2017.1333799

Michael K; Michael MG; Galliot JC; Nicholls R, 2017, 'Socio-Ethical Implications of Implantable Technologies in the Military Sector', IEEE Technology and Society, vol. 36, pp. 7 - 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MTS.2017.2670219

Galliott JC, 2016, 'The Ethics of Space Exploration', Environmental Scientist: Journal of the Institution of Environmental Scientists, vol. 25, pp. 19 - 23

Galliott JC; McFarland T, 2016, 'Autonomous Systems in a Military Context (Part 2): A Survey of the Ethical Issues', International Journal of Robotics Applications and Technologies, pp. 53 - 68, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/IJRAT.2016070104

Galliott JC; McFarland T, 2016, 'Autonomous Systems in a Military Context (Part 1): A Survey of the Legal Issues', International Journal of Robotics Applications and Technologies, pp. 34 - 52, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/IJRAT.2016070103

Beard M; Galliott JC; Lynch S, 2016, 'Soldier Enhancement: Ethical risks and opportunities', Australian Army Journal, vol. 13, pp. 5 - 20, http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=663425385873808;res=IELAPA

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