Dr Jai Galliott

Senior Lecturer & Research Leader - Values in Defence & Security Technology Group
School of Engineering and Information Technology
UNSW Canberra Cyber

LOCATION

Building 21, Room 370-71

  • ABOUT
  • PUBLICATIONS

Note: Scholarships of AUD$35,000 + (2) DoD top-ups of $10,000 are available for PhD students who achieved H1 /High Distinction in their undergraduate program and/or have completed a Masters by Research. If you are interested, contact me at j.galliott@adfa.edu.au.

Dr. Jai Galliott holds multiple appointments. He is Leader of the Values in Defence & Security Technology Group within School of Engineering and Information Technology of the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Non-Resident Fellow of the Modern War Institute at the United States Military Academy (West Point) and Visiting Fellow with the Centre for Technology & Global Affairs at the University of Oxford.

Galliott initially trained as a Principal Warfare Officer in Her Majesty's Royal Australian Navy, but honourably resigned his commission in 2007 to pursue an academic career unavailable to him in the services, and has since received numerous degrees, the first a Bachelor of Arts (with High Distinction) in philosophy and sociology from Macquarie University in Sydney, where he won the inaugural Communities of Enquiry Prize. He then secured an Honours Scholarship from Charles Sturt University, receiving Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy with First Class Honours for a dissertation on the ethics and efficacy of military robotics and, finally, completed his tertiary education with a PhD on the ethical and social implication of autonomous systems from Macquarie University, supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award. Galliott was the first person in Macquarie University's history to submit a full book manuscript as a thesis-by-publication for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, which was awarded without corrections.

He held appointments in the Department of Philosophy at Macquarie University from 2012-2015. From 2015-2016, he was a listed researcher on half-a-million-dollar grant awarded to the School of Social Sciences at the University of New South Wales at Kensington by the Australian Department of Defence for the provision of advice on the tactical and strategic issues associated with the rapid uptake of emerging military technologies and their potential impact upon the Australian Defence Force. During this project, Galliott developed a strong research partnership with the Department of Defence and developed a series of original research articles on the implications of autonomous systems and the broader impact of technology upon the personnel and force structure of the services in response to their stated needs. Galliott then again held appointments at Macquarie University and was later offered a highly competitive Sêr Cymru II Fellowship, part funded by the European Commission through the Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions  (MSCA) COFUND scheme, for a project that was to critically analyse how cumulative technological innovations in the security and defence space have elevated the role of individuals – particularly warfighters, politicians and technologists – in modern virtual and remote conflict, challenging existing concepts, doctrines, risk frameworks and military/non-military actors themselves. Grateful for the offer, he instead assumed his current role at the Australian Defence Force Academy. Galliott also operates a private defence consultancy firm, DefenceTech Consulting and, earlier in his career, received competitive funding from the Australian Army and the Defence Science & Technology Group of the Australian Department of Defence to conduct research and prepare reports for military stakeholders on autonomous systems, soldier enhancement, cyber warfare and related topics.

Galliott has developed a reputation as Australia's foremost expert on the socio-ethical implications of autonomous systems and is regarded as an internationally respected scholar on emerging military technologies more generally. He authored one of the first book-length scholarly monographs on the ethics of autonomous weapons systems, Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape (Ashgate 2015/Routledge 2016) and has published numerous books and dozens of articles and books chapters on directly related topics. Recent reviews of Galliott's publications by a diverse range of scholars and practitioners point to the quality and international significance of his research:

‘Jai Galliott, in this path-breaking book, sets out to explore the application of this tradition to a number of questions that arise with regard to the use of military robots in contemporary war. In particular, he is interested in armed drones. The research is thorough, the arguments elegant, and the conclusions thought-provoking. The book will be the foundation for future research on the topic’ – Prof. Mervyn Frost, Kings College, London, in the RUSI Journal

‘A solid, carefully considered and down-to-earth resource with absolute relevance for those in the military who lead and protect at the sharp end, and indeed for anyone who ponders the changing character of warfare’ - Warren Reed, former intelligence officer, Australian. Secret Intelligence Service

‘The insights offered by Dr Galliott make this book essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand the nuances and stark choices facing policymakers, the military, humanitarian advocates and society in prosecuting armed conflict against the background of an ongoing quest for a non-violent future’ – Dr. Joseph Savirimuthu, The Liverpool Law School, UK

‘Jai Galliott’s book leads us through a terrain that is frightening and exciting at the same time. The book captures this two-sidedness of military robots and their manifold uses admirably well. Both a concise analysis of morality and responsibility and an impressive overview of the field of military robotics, this is a crucial volume’ – Dr. Henrik Syse, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway, in the Journal of Military Ethics

‘Why do states and militaries prefer to develop and employ military robots? How do we evaluate the strong and weak points of modern military robots from moral and technological perspectives? How can we draw lessons from the complexities of modern military technology? Readers will find answers to these questions in Military Robots by Jai Galliott—a brilliant applied ethicist and military theorist’ – Dr. Kai Chen, Xiamen University, China, in International Affairs

His work is concerned with how technological innovations in the defence and security space have enabled a shift away from industrialised warfare, toward a new form of individualised distance conflict that, while offering important benefits, challenges existing concepts, doctrines, risk frameworks and military/non-military actors themselves in ways that are not always obvious from the study of single technologies. He is particularly interested in examining the origins of these challenges in the remnant tensions between the moral, legal, political, technical and strategic needs of the relevant stakeholders, as well as reconciling some of these tensions by devising and deploying an analytical frameworks grounded in applied-social sciences to inform public debate on emerging military technologies and, innovatively, offer value-sensitive guidance to civilian and military policy-makers and technical designers.

He has been invited to speak on the topic of autonomous systems at prestigious government and non-government forums across the world, including Oxford University, the Halifax International Security Forum, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and expert meetings convened by the United Nations at the Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. He is also an associate of the Consortium on Emerging Technologies, Military Operations, and National Security (CETMONS), the US Navy Consortium for Robotics and Unmanned Systems Education and Research (CRUSER), the Programme on the Regulation of Emerging Technologies at the University of Melbourne, and is a member of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies (IEET). He regularly contributes to the work of international media outlets, including CNN, ABC Television and the BBC World Service. He is Lead Editor of the Routledge book series on Emerging Technologies, Ethics and International Affairs, as well Associate Editor of IEEE Technology & Society Magazine.

Galliott's AGSVA security clearance was last reviewed in March 2017.

Books

Galliott J, 2015, Commercial space exploration: Ethics, policy and governance

Galliott J; Lotz M, 2015, Super soldiers: The ethical, legal and social implications

Galliott J, 2015, Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape, Military and Defence Ethics, ASHGATE PUBLISHING LTD

Book Chapters

Galliott J; Kozary C, 2018, 'The Panopticon', in Arrigo B; Golson G (ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security and Privacy, SAGE, Thousand Oaks

Galliott JC, 2018, 'Humans, Autonomous Systems, and Killing in War', in Luppicini R (ed.), The Changing Scope of Technoethics in Contemporary Society, IGI Global, Hershey, Pensylvania, pp. 132 - 152, 10.4018/978-1-5225-5094-5

Waller ST; Machemehl R, 2018, 'Introduction', in Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, edn. 4, pp. 261, 10.1111/mice.12357

Galliott J, 2018, 'Humans, autonomous systems, and killing in war', in The Changing Scope of Technoethics in Contemporary Society, pp. 135 - 152, 10.4018/978-1-5225-5094-5.ch008

Galliott JC, 2017, 'On the Unabomber and Robots: The Need for a Philosophy of Technology Geared Toward Human Ends', in Lin P; Abney K; Jenkins R (ed.), Robot Ethics 2.0: New Challenges in Philosophy, Law, and Society, Oxford University Press, New York, https://global.oup.com/academic/product/robot-ethics-20-9780190652951?cc=us&lang=en&#

Galliott JC, 2017, 'The Individualisation of War: Problems and Challenges', in Ethics Under Fire: Challenges for the Australian Army, New South Press, Sydney, pp. 170 - 181, https://www.newsouthbooks.com.au/books/ethics-under-fire/

Galliott JC, 2017, 'Killer Artificial Intelligence', in Arp R (ed.), The X-Files and Philosophy: The Truth Is In Here, Open Court Press, Chicago, pp. 275 - 282

Galliott JC, 2017, 'Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Proliferation, Disengagement and Disempowerment', in Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: Technology, Definition, Ethics, Law & Security, Federal Foreign Office, Frankfurt, pp. 85 - 97

Galliott J, 2016, 'Cyberwar: Asymmetry and Responsibility', in Hadji-Janev M (ed.), Handbook on Research on Civil Society and National Security in the Era of Cyber Warfare, IGI, Hershey, 10.4018/978-1-4666-8793-6

Galliott J, 2016, 'Subcontracting', in Joseph P; Golson G (ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of War, SAGE, Thousand Oaks

Galliott J, 2016, 'Emerging technologies, asymmetric force and terrorist blowback', in Ethics and the Future of Spying: Technology, National Security and Intelligence Collection, pp. 158 - 176, 10.4324/9781315743912

Galliott JC, 2015, 'Of Downton and Drones', in Barkman A; Arp R (ed.), Downton Abbey and Philosophy, edn. Popular Culture and Philosophy® series, Open Court Press, Chicago, pp. 195 - 204, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/downton.htm

Ketcham C; Galliott J, 2015, 'Outsourcing space', in Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance, pp. 299 - 310

Galliott J, 2015, 'Artificial intelligence and space robotics: Questions of responsibility', in Commercial Space Exploration: Ethics, Policy and Governance, pp. 211 - 226

Galliott J, 2015, 'Responsibility and war machines: Toward a forward-looking and functional account', in Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous Technology, pp. 152 - 165, 10.4018/978-1-4666-8592-5.ch008

Lin P; Mehlman M; Abney K; French S; Vallor S; Galliott J; Burnam-Fink M; LaCroix AR; Schuknecht S, 2015, 'Super soldiers: The ethical, legal, and operational implications', in Business Law and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, pp. 1527 - 1548, 10.4018/978-1-4666-8195-8.ch074

Gladston P, 2015, 'Deconstructing Contemporary Chinese Art: Selected Critical Writings and Conversations, 2007-2014', in Deconstructing Contemporary Chinese Art: Selected Critical Writings and Conversations, 2007-2014, pp. 1 - 195, 10.1007/978-3-662-46488-5

Galliott J, 2014, 'Drones and Terrorist Blowback', in Arp R (ed.), Homeland and Philosophy : for your minds only, edn. Popular culture and philosophy, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/homeland.htm

Lin P; Mehlman M; Abney K; Galliott J, 2014, 'Super Soldiers (Part 1): What is Military Human Enhancement?', in Thompson S (ed.), Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies, IGI Global, pp. 119 - 138, 10.4018/978-1-4666-6010-6

Lin P; Mehlman M; Abney K; Vallor S; French S; Galliott J; Burnam-Fink M; LaCroix A; Schuknecht S, 2014, 'Super Soldiers (Part 2): The Ethical, Legal, and Operational Implications', in Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies, IGI Global, Hershey, pp. 139 - 160, 10.4018/978-1-4666-6010-6

Galliott J, 2014, 'Military robotics and emotion: Challenges to just war theory', in Handbook of Research on Synthesizing Human Emotion in Intelligent Systems and Robotics, pp. 386 - 403, 10.4018/978-1-4666-7278-9.ch019

Galliott J, 2013, 'Death's Just a Click Away', in Baltzer-Jaray K; Arp R (ed.), The Good Wife and Philosophy: Temptations of Saint Alicia, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/good_wife.htm

Galliott J, 2013, 'Who's to Blame?', in Michaud N (ed.), Frankenstein and Philosophy: The Shocking Truth, Open Court Press, Chicago, http://www.opencourtbooks.com/books_n/frankenstein.htm

Rawat S; Wunderlich HJ, 2003, 'ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems: Introduction', in ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems, edn. 4, pp. 397 - 398, 10.1145/944027.944028

Journal articles

Galliott J, 2018, 'Trump’s Military as the De Facto Environmental Leader', Ethics, Policy and Environment, vol. 21, pp. 13 - 16, 10.1080/21550085.2018.1447891

Galliott J, 2018, 'The soldier's tolerance for autonomous systems', Paladyn, vol. 9, pp. 124 - 136, 10.1515/pjbr-2018-0008

Wyatt A; Galliott J, 2018, 'Closing the Capability Gap: ASEAN Military Modernization during the Dawn of Autonomous Weapon Systems', Asian Security, 10.1080/14799855.2018.1516639

Michael K; Michael MG; Galliot JC; Nicholls R, 2017, 'Socio-Ethical Implications of Implantable Technologies in the Military Sector', IEEE Technology and Society, vol. 36, pp. 7 - 9, 10.1109/MTS.2017.2670219

Galliott J, 2017, 'Britain, Australia and Toynbee’s cliff: intelligence on a ledge', Journal of Intelligence History, vol. 16, pp. 112 - 115, 10.1080/16161262.2017.1333799

Galliott J, 2017, 'The limits of robotic solutions to human challenges in the land domain', Defence Studies, vol. 17, pp. 327 - 345, 10.1080/14702436.2017.1333890

Galliott J, 2016, 'Defending Australia in the digital age: toward full spectrum defence', Defence Studies, vol. 16, pp. 157 - 175, 10.1080/14702436.2016.1165596

Galliott J, 2016, 'War 2.0: Drones, distance and death', International Journal of Technoethics, vol. 7, pp. 61 - 76, 10.4018/IJT.2016070104

Beard M; Galliott JC; Lynch S, 2016, 'Soldier Enhancement: Ethical risks and opportunities', Australian Army Journal, vol. 13, pp. 5 - 20, http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=663425385873808;res=IELAPA

Galliott JC; McFarland T, 2016, 'Autonomous Systems in a Military Context (Part 1): A Survey of the Legal Issues', International Journal of Robotics Applications and Technologies, pp. 34 - 52, 10.4018/IJRAT.2016070103

Galliott JC; McFarland T, 2016, 'Autonomous Systems in a Military Context (Part 2): A Survey of the Ethical Issues', International Journal of Robotics Applications and Technologies, pp. 53 - 68, 10.4018/IJRAT.2016070104

Galliott JC, 2016, 'The Ethics of Space Exploration', Environmental Scientist: Journal of the Institution of Environmental Scientists, vol. 25, pp. 19 - 23

Galliott J, 2013, 'Unmanned Systems and War’s End: Prospects for Lasting Peace', Dynamiques Internationale, vol. 8, pp. 1 - 24, http://dynamiques-internationales.com/publications/numeros-thematiques/numero-8-juillet-2013/

Galliott JC; Strawser BJ, 2013, 'Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetric World', ETHICS, vol. 124, pp. 181 - 187, 10.1086/671407

Galliott JC, 2013, 'Killing by Remote Control: The Ethics of an Unmanned Military', Journal of Military Ethics, vol. 12, pp. 278 - 280, 10.1080/15027570.2013.848090

Galliott JC, 2012, 'VIEWPOINT ARTICLE CLOSING WITH COMPLETENESS: THE ASYMMETRIC DRONE WARFARE DEBATE', Journal of Military Ethics, vol. 11, pp. 353 - 356, 10.1080/15027570.2012.760245

Galliott JC, 2012, 'Uninhabited aerial vehicles and the asymmetry objection: A response to strawser', Journal of Military Ethics, vol. 11, pp. 58 - 66, 10.1080/15027570.2012.683703

Galliot JC, 2012, 'Uninhabited systems in the civilian realm: Some ethical concerns [Commentary]', IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, vol. 31, pp. 13 - 16, 10.1109/MTS.2012.2202017

Conference Papers

Galliott JC; Scholz J, 2018, 'AI IN WEAPONS: THE MORAL IMPERATIVE FOR MINIMALLY-JUST AUTONOMY', in AI IN WEAPONS: THE MORAL IMPERATIVE FOR MINIMALLY-JUST AUTONOMY, The International Conference on Science and Innovation for Land Power, Adelaide, presented at The International Conference on Science and Innovation for Land Power, Adelaide, 04 - 06 September 2018

Conference Presentations

Galliott J, 2016, 'Proliferation, Disengagement and Disempowerment', in Proliferation, Disengagement and Disempowerment, CCW informal meeting of experts on lethal autonomous weapons systems, The United Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, presented at CCW informal meeting of experts on lethal autonomous weapons systems, The United Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, 11 - 15 April 2016

Galliott J, 2016, 'The Individualisation of War', in The Individualisation of War, Meeting of the International Committee of the Red Cross at Australian Antarctic and Maritime Studies Centre, The University of Tasmania, Hobart, presented at Meeting of the International Committee of the Red Cross at Australian Antarctic and Maritime Studies Centre, The University of Tasmania, Hobart, 12 - 14 April 2016

Galliott JC, 2016, 'The Individualisation of War: Problems and Challenges', in The Individualisation of War: Problems and Challenges, Ethics Under Fire, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, presented at Ethics Under Fire, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, 21 - 22 June 2016

Galliott JC, 2015, 'The Ethical and Strategic Implications of Drone Use', in The Ethical and Strategic Implications of Drone Use, Emerging Disruptive Technologies Assessment Symposium, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, presented at Emerging Disruptive Technologies Assessment Symposium, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, 15 - 15 July 2015

Galliott J, 2014, 'Drones and Asymmetry', in Drones and Asymmetry, the 21st Annual Conference of the Australian Association of Professional and Applied Ethics, University of Notre Dame, Australia, presented at the 21st Annual Conference of the Australian Association of Professional and Applied Ethics, University of Notre Dame, Australia, 22 - 24 June 2014

Galliott J, 2014, 'Remotely Piloted Airborne Vehicles and Related Technologies', in Remotely Piloted Airborne Vehicles and Related Technologies, The Eighth Workshop on the Social Implications of National Security, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, presented at The Eighth Workshop on the Social Implications of National Security, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, 29 - 30 September 2014

Galliott J, 2013, 'Uninhabited Military Systems and War's End: Prospects for Lasting Peace', in Uninhabited Military Systems and War's End: Prospects for Lasting Peace, International Studies Association Convention, Hilton Hotel San Francisco, presented at International Studies Association Convention, Hilton Hotel San Francisco, 03 - 06 April 2013

Galliott J, 2012, 'The Ascription Problem in Uninhabited Warfare', in The Ascription Problem in Uninhabited Warfare, Workshop on Emerging Military Technologies, Oxford University, presented at Workshop on Emerging Military Technologies, Oxford University, 10 - 12 July 2012

Galliott JC, 2012, 'Uninhabited Military Systems: The 'Why?', in Uninhabited Military Systems: The 'Why?, Technology and the Ethics of Warfare, Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Canberra, presented at Technology and the Ethics of Warfare, Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Canberra, 14 - 14 June 2012

Galliott J, 2011, 'Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles and the Asymmetry Objection: A Response to Strawser', in Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles and the Asymmetry Objection: A Response to Strawser, 17th International Society for Philosophy & Technology conference, University of North Texas, presented at 17th International Society for Philosophy & Technology conference, University of North Texas, 26 - 29 May 2011

Recorded / Rendered Creative Works

Galliott J, 2015, Killer Robots Are Not Such Bad News in Modern Warfare, The Sydney Morning Herald, Recorded / Rendered Creative Works, http://www.smh.com.au/comment/killer-robots-maybe-not-such-bad-news-in-modern-warfare-20150408-1mgfe5.html

Galliott J, 2014, Drone Impact Study is Crucial, The Canberra Times, Recorded / Rendered Creative Works, http://www.smh.com.au/comment/drone-impact-study-is-crucial-20140314-34s3m.html

Galliott J, 2014, Take Out the Pilot From Australia’s Joint Strike Fighter, The Conversation, Recorded / Rendered Creative Works, http://theconversation.com/take-out-the-pilot-from-australias-f-35-joint-strike-fighter-28107

Galliott J, 2013, Drone Debate Too Late Once They Get Off the Ground, The Canberra Times, Recorded / Rendered Creative Works, http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-opinion/drone-debate-too-late-once-they-get-off-the-ground-20130509-2jb31.html