Associate Professor Christopher Lokan

Honorary Associate Professor
School of Engineering and Information Technology
+61 2 6268 8060
+61 2 626 88581
  • ABOUT
  • PUBLICATIONS

Chris Lokan received the BSc degree (with Honours) in 1980 and the PhD degree in Computer Science in 1985, both from the Australian National University. He is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Engineering and Information Technology at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA), Canberra, Australia (UNSW@ADFA). His teaching concentrates on software engineering. His main research interests are empirical software engineering, software effort and cost estimation, software benchmarking, complex adaptive systems, and data mining. He is a member of the ACM, the IEEE Computer Society, and the Australian Software Metrics Association.

 

Book Chapters

Barkat Ullah AS; Sarker R; Lokan CJ, 2010, 'An Agent Based Evolutionary Approach for Nonlinear Optimization with Equality Constraints', in Sarker R; Ray T (ed.), Agent-Based Evolutionary Search (Book series: Adaption, learning and optimization, vol. 5), edn. 1, Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 49 - 76, 10.1007/978-3-642-13425-8

Dam HH; Rojanavasu P; Abbass HA; Lokan C, 2008, 'Distributed learning classifier systems', in Studies in Computational Intelligence, pp. 69 - 91, 10.1007/978-3-540-78979-6_4

Dam HH; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2007, 'Evolutionary online data mining: An investigation in a dynamic environment', in Studies in Computational Intelligence, pp. 153 - 178, 10.1007/978-3-540-49774-5_7

Lokan CJ, 2005, 'Estimates: how accurate are they?', in Hill PR (ed.), Practical Project Estimation, edn. 2, International Software Benchmarking Standards Group Ltd, Melbourne, Vic, pp. 20 - 26

Lokan CJ, 2005, 'Function Points', in Advances in Computers, pp. 297 - 347, 10.1016/S0065-2458(05)65007-3

Journal articles

Marhusin F; Lokan CJ, 2018, 'A Preemptive behaviour-based malware detection through analysis of API calls sequence inspired by Human Immune System', International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), vol. 7, pp. 113 - 119, 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.15.21431

Debie E; Shafi K; Merrick K; Lokan C, 2017, 'On Taxonomy and Evaluation of Feature Selection-Based Learning Classifier System Ensemble Approaches for Data Mining Problems', Computational Intelligence, vol. 33, pp. 554 - 578, 10.1111/coin.12099

Lokan C; Mendes E, 2017, 'Investigating the use of moving windows to improve software effort prediction: a replicated study', Empirical Software Engineering, vol. 22, pp. 716 - 767, 10.1007/s10664-016-9446-4

González-Ladrón-de-Guevara F; Fernández-Diego M; Lokan C, 2016, 'The usage of ISBSG data fields in software effort estimation: A systematic mapping study', Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 113, pp. 188 - 215, 10.1016/j.jss.2015.11.040

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2015, 'On the effectiveness of weighted moving windows: Experiment on linear regression based software effort estimation', Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, vol. 27, pp. 488 - 507, 10.1002/smr.1672

Hermadi I; Lokan C; Sarker R, 2014, 'Dynamic stopping criteria for search-based test data generation for path testing', Information and Software Technology, 10.1016/j.infsof.2014.01.001

Lokan C; Mendes E, 2014, 'Investigating the use of duration-based moving windows to improve software effort prediction: A replicated study', Information and Software Technology, vol. 56, pp. 1063 - 1075, 10.1016/j.infsof.2014.02.008

Wang SL; Shafi K; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2013, 'An agent-based model to simulate and analyse behaviour under noisy and deceptive information', Adaptive Behavior, vol. 21, pp. 96 - 117, 10.1177/1059712312472212

Alam S; Lokan C; Aldis G; Barry S; Butcher R; Abbass H, 2013, 'Systemic identification of airspace collision risk tipping points using an evolutionary multi-objective scenario-based methodology', Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, vol. 35, pp. 57 - 84, 10.1016/j.trc.2013.05.010

Debie E; Shafi K; Lokan C; Merrick K, 2013, 'Performance analysis of rough set ensemble of learning classifier systems with differential evolution based rule discovery', Evolutionary Intelligence, vol. 6, pp. 109 - 126, 10.1007/s12065-013-0093-z

Alam S; Zhao W; Tang J; Lokan CJ; Ellejmi M; Kirby S; Abbass HA, 2012, 'Discovering Delay Patterns in Arrival Traffic with Dynamic Continuous Descent Approaches using Co-Evolutionary Red Teaming', Air Traffic Control Quaterly, vol. 20, pp. 47 - 72, http://www.atca.org/atca/files/ccLibraryFiles/Filename/000000000707/Abstracts%2020-1.pdf

Barkat Ullah ASSM; Sarker R; Lokan C, 2012, 'Handling equality constraints in evolutionary optimization', European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 221, pp. 480 - 490, 10.1016/j.ejor.2012.01.047

Tang J; Alam S; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2012, 'A multi-objective approach for Dynamic Airspace Sectorization using agent based and geometric models', Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, vol. 21, pp. 89 - 121, 10.1016/j.trc.2011.08.008

Alam S; Nguyen MH; Abbass HA; Lokan C; Ellejmi M; Kirby S, 2011, 'Multi-aircraft dynamic continuous descent approach methodology for low-noise and emission guidance', Journal of Aircraft, vol. 48, pp. 1225 - 1237, 10.2514/1.C031241

Barkat Ullah ASSM; Sarker R; Lokan C, 2011, 'Handling equality constraints with agent-based memetic algorithms', Memetic Computing, vol. 3, pp. 51 - 72, 10.1007/s12293-010-0051-6

Wang SL; Shafi K; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2010, 'Adversarial learning: The impact of statistical sample selection techniques on neural ensembles', Evolving Systems, vol. 1, pp. 181 - 197, 10.1007/s12530-010-9013-y

Pham VV; Tang J; Alam S; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2010, 'Aviation emission inventory development and analysis', Environmental Modelling and Software, vol. 25, pp. 1738 - 1753, 10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.04.004

Barkat Ullah ASSM; Sarker R; Cornforth D; Lokan C, 2009, 'AMA: A new approach for solving constrained real-valued optimization problems', Soft Computing, vol. 13, pp. 741 - 762, 10.1007/s00500-008-0349-1

Rojanavasu P; Dam HH; Abbass HA; Lokan C; Pinngern O, 2009, 'A self-organized, distributed, and adaptive rule-based induction system', IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 20, pp. 446 - 459, 10.1109/TNN.2008.2008334

Lokan C; Mendes E, 2009, 'Investigating the use of chronological split for software effort estimation', IET Software, vol. 3, pp. 422 - 434, 10.1049/iet-sen.2008.0107

Dam HH; Abbass HA; Lokan C; Yao X, 2008, 'Neural-based learning classifier systems', IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 20, 10.1109/TKDE.2007.190671

Mendes E; Lokan C, 2008, 'Replicating studies on cross- vs single-company effort models using the ISBSG Database', Empirical Software Engineering, vol. 13, pp. 3 - 37, 10.1007/s10664-007-9045-5

Antoniol G; Fiutem R; Lokan C, 2003, 'Object-oriented function points: An empirical validation', Empirical Software Engineering, vol. 8, pp. 225 - 254, 10.1023/A:1024472727275

Lokan C; Wright T; Hill PR; Stringer M, 2001, 'Organizational benchmarking using the ISBSG data repository', IEEE Software, vol. 18, pp. 26 - 32, 10.1109/52.951491

Lokan CJ, 2000, 'An empirical analysis of function point adjustment factors', Information and Software Technology, vol. 42, pp. 649 - 659

Antoniol G; Lokan C; Caldiera G; Fiutem R, 1999, 'Function point-like measure for object-oriented software', Empirical Software Engineering, vol. 4, pp. 263 - 287, 10.1023/A:1009834811663

Lokan CJ, 1996, 'Early size prediction for C and Pascal programs', Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 32, pp. 65 - 72, 10.1016/0164-1212(95)00044-5

Lokan CJ; Conte SD, 1995, 'Size Prediction for Pascal Programs', Journal of Computer and Software Engineering, vol. 3, pp. 377 - 394

LOKAN CJ, 1993, 'THE CLEANROOM PROCESS FOR SOFTWARE-DEVELOPMENT', AUSTRALIAN COMPUTER JOURNAL, vol. 25, pp. 129 - 134

LOKAN CJ, 1991, 'THE DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS OF SMART CARDS', AUSTRALIAN COMPUTER JOURNAL, vol. 23, pp. 159 - 164

Conference Papers

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2018, 'An Evaluation of Selection Methods for Time-Aware Effort Estimation', in Proceedings - Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference, APSEC, pp. 624 - 629, presented at , 10.1109/APSEC.2017.105

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2017, 'A virtual study of moving windows for software effort estimation using finnish datasets', in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), pp. 71 - 79, presented at , 10.1007/978-3-319-69926-4_6

Huijgens H; Van Deursen A; Minku LL; Lokan C, 2017, 'Effort and cost in software engineering: A comparison of two industrial data sets', in ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 51 - 60, presented at , 10.1145/3084226.3084249

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2017, 'On applicability of fixed-size moving windows for ANN-based effort estimation', in Proceedings - 26th International Workshop on Software Measurement, IWSM 2016 and the 11th International Conference on Software Process and Product Measurement, Mensura 2016, pp. 213 - 218, presented at , 10.1109/IWSM-Mensura.2016.041

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2016, 'Towards better selection between moving windows and growing portfolio', in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), pp. 627 - 630, presented at , 10.1007/978-3-319-49094-6_49

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2016, 'A replication study on the effects of weighted moving windows for software effort estimation', in ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, presented at , 10.1145/2915970.2915983

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2016, 'Evaluation of Moving Window Policies with CART', in Proceedings - 7th International Workshop on Empirical Software Engineering in Practice, IWESEP 2016, pp. 24 - 29, presented at , 10.1109/IWESEP.2016.10

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2015, 'The effects of duration-based moving windows with estimation by analogy', in Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, pp. 14 - 29, presented at , 10.1007/978-3-319-24285-9_2

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2015, 'A replication of comparative study of moving windows on linear regression and estimation by analogy', in ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, presented at , 10.1145/2810146.2810153

Debie E; Shafi K; Merrick K; Lokan C, 2014, 'An online evolutionary rule learning algorithm with incremental attribute discretization', in Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2014, pp. 1116 - 1123, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2014.6900623

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2014, 'The effect of moving windows on software effort estimation: Comparative study with CART', in Proceedings - 2014 6th International Workshop on Empirical Software Engineering in Practice, IWESEP 2014, pp. 1 - 6, presented at , 10.1109/IWESEP.2014.10

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2014, 'The effects of gradual weighting on duration-based moving windows for software effort estimation', in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), pp. 63 - 77, presented at

Wang SL; Shafi K; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2013, 'Neuro-evolution of escape behaviour under high level of deception and noise', in Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, pp. 671 - 681, presented at , 10.1007/978-3-642-37374-9_64

Debie E; Shafi K; Lokan C, 2013, 'REUCS-CRG: Reduct based ensemble of supervised classifier system with combinatorial rule generation for data mining', in GECCO 2013 - Proceedings of the 2013 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion, pp. 1251 - 1258, presented at , 10.1145/2464576.2482703

Debie E; Shafi K; Lokan C; Merrick K, 2013, 'Investigating Differential Evolution based rule discovery in learning classifier systems', in Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE Symposium on Differential Evolution, SDE 2013 - 2013 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2013, pp. 77 - 84, presented at , 10.1109/SDE.2013.6601445

Alam S; Hossain M; Lokan C; Barry S; Aldis G; Butcher R; Abbass H, 2013, 'Real time prediction of worst case air traffic sector collision risk using evolutionary optimization', in Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Vehicles and Transportation Systems, CIVTS 2013 - 2013 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2013, pp. 72 - 79, presented at , 10.1109/CIVTS.2013.6612292

Debie E; Shafi K; Lokan C; Merrick K, 2013, 'Reduct based ensemble of learning classifier system for real-valued classification problems', in Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Ensemble Learning, CIEL 2013 - 2013 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2013, pp. 66 - 73, presented at , 10.1109/CIEL.2013.6613142

Hasan MM; Lokan C, 2013, 'Calibrating productivity drivers for software customisation projects', in Proceedings - Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference, APSEC, pp. 43 - 48, presented at , 10.1109/APSEC.2013.110

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2013, 'The evaluation of weighted moving windows for software effort estimation', in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), pp. 214 - 228, presented at , 10.1007/978-3-642-39259-7_18

Tsunoda M; Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2013, 'How to treat timing information for software effort estimation?', in ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 10 - 19, presented at , 10.1145/2486046.2486051

Wang S; Shafi K; Lokan CJ; Abbass HA, 2012, 'Neuro-evolution of Escape Behaviour under High Level of Deception and Noise', in Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications (RiTA 2012), Springer, Gwangju, Korea, pp. 1 - 8, presented at 1st International Conference on Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications (RiTA 2012), Gwangju, Korea, 16 - 18 December 2012

Tang J; Alam S; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2012, 'A multi-objective evolutionary method for dynamic airspace re-sectorization using sectors clipping and similarities', in 2012 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2012, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2012.6253008

Alam S; Lokan C; Abbass H, 2012, 'What can make an airspace unsafe? characterizing collision risk using multi-objective optimization', in 2012 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2012, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2012.6256168

Amasaki S; Lokan C, 2012, 'The effects of moving windows to software estimation: Comparative study on linear regression and estimation by analogy', in Proceedings of the 2012 Joint Conf. of the 22nd Int. Workshop on Software Measurement and the 2012 7th Int. Conf. on Software Process and Product Measurement, IWSM-MENSURA 2012, pp. 23 - 32, presented at , 10.1109/IWSM-MENSURA.2012.13

Lokan C; Mendes E, 2012, 'Investigating the use of duration-based moving windows to improve software effort prediction', in Proceedings - Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference, APSEC, pp. 818 - 827, presented at , 10.1109/APSEC.2012.74

Alam S; Zhao W; Tang J; Lokan CJ; Abbass HA; Ellejmi M; Kirby S, 2011, 'Co-Evolutionary Framework for Identifying Delay Patterns in Arrival Traffic and Ground Events for Dynamic CDA Operations', in Proceedings of 9th USA/EUROPE Air Traffic Management Research & Development Seminar, EUROCONTROL/FAA, Berlin, presented at 9th USA/EUROPE Air Traffic Management Research & Development Seminar (ATM R&D Seminar), Berlin, 01 June 2011, http://www.atmseminar.org/seminarContent/seminar9/papers/42-Abbass-Final-Paper-4-14-11.pdf

Alam S; Zhao W; Tang J; Lokan C; Abbass H; Ellejmi M; Kirby S, 2011, 'Discovering delay patterns in arrival traffic with dynamic continuous descent approaches using co-evolutionary red teaming', in Proceedings of the 9th USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar, ATM 2011, pp. 174 - 183, presented at

Suchcicki E; Lokan CJ, 2010, 'Project Charter: More Than an Authorisation Instrument', in Australian Institute of Project Management, Australian Institute of Project Management, Darwin, presented at 2010 AIPM National Conference, Darwin, 01 October 2010, https://leishman.conference-services.net/resources/266/2110/pdf/AIPM2010_0041.pdf

Alam S; Lokan CJ; Abbass HA; Ellejmi M; Kirby S, 2010, 'An Evolutionary Computational Analysis of Tactical Controller Tool', in In Proc. Aviation Information Technology Engineering and Management Conference, IGI Global, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, pp. 1 - 8, presented at Aviation Information Technology Engineering and Management Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, 22 - 24 March 2010, http://www.aitem2010.org/

Alam S; Nguyen MH; Abbass HA; Lokan C; Ellejmi M; Eurocontrol SK, 2010, 'A dynamic continuous descent approach methodology for low noise and emission', in AIAA/IEEE Digital Avionics Systems Conference - Proceedings, presented at , 10.1109/DASC.2010.5655502

Wang SL; Shafi K; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2010, 'Robustness of neural ensembles against targeted and random Adversarial Learning', in 2010 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2010, presented at , 10.1109/FUZZY.2010.5584822

Hermadi I; Lokan C; Sarker R, 2010, 'Genetic algorithm based path testing: Challenges and key parameters', in Proceedings - 2010 2nd WRI World Congress on Software Engineering, WCSE 2010, pp. 241 - 244, presented at , 10.1109/WCSE.2010.82

Hossain MM; Abbass HA; Lokan C; Alam S, 2010, 'Adversarial Evolution: Phase transition in non-uniform hard satisfiability problems', in 2010 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2010 - 2010 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2010, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2010.5586506

Pham VV; Bui LT; Alam S; Lokan C; Abbass HA, 2010, 'A Pittsburgh Multi-Objective Classifier for user preferred trajectories and flight navigation', in 2010 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2010 - 2010 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2010, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2010.5586168

Mendes E; Lokan CJ, 2009, 'Investigating the Use of Chronological Splitting to Compare Software Cross-company and Single-company Effort Predictions: A Replicated Study', in Proceedings of EASE 2009, BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT, Durham, UK, presented at 13th International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering, Durham, UK, 20 - 21 April 2009, http://www.bcs.org/server.php?show=conWebDoc.25008

Barkat Ullah ASSM; Sarker R; Lokan C, 2009, 'An agent-based memetic algorithm (AMA) for nonlinear optimization with equality constraints', in 2009 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2009, pp. 70 - 77, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2009.4982932

Alam S; Tang J; Abbass HA; Lokan CJ, 2009, 'The effect of symmetry in representation on scenario-based risk assessment for air-traffic conflict resolution strategies', in 2009 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2009, pp. 2180 - 2187, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2009.4983211

Tang J; Alam S; Abbass H; Lokan C, 2009, 'Modelling and evolutionary multi-objective evaluation of interdependencies and work processes in airport operations', in 2009 World Summit on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation, 2009 GEC Summit - Proceedings of the 1st ACM/SIGEVO Summit on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation, GEC'09, pp. 977 - 980, presented at , 10.1145/1543834.1543988

Marhusin MF; Lokan C; Larkin H; Cornforth D, 2009, 'A data mining approach for detection of self-propagating worms', in NSS 2009 - Network and System Security, pp. 24 - 29, presented at , 10.1109/NSS.2009.88

Alam S; Abbass HA; Lokan CJ; Ellejmi M; Kirby S, 2009, 'Computational red teaming to investigate failure patterns in Medium Term Conflict Detection', in 8th Innovative Research Workshop and Exhibition, Proceedings, pp. 183 - 194, presented at

Lokan C; Mendes E, 2009, 'Using chronological splitting to compare cross- and single-company effort models: Further investigation', in Conferences in Research and Practice in Information Technology Series, pp. 47 - 54, presented at

Lokan C; Mendes E, 2009, 'Applying moving windows to software effort estimation', in 2009 3rd International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement, ESEM 2009, pp. 111 - 122, presented at , 10.1109/ESEM.2009.5316019

Lokan CJ; Suchcicki E, 2008, 'Project charter: filling the communication gap in ICT projects', in AIPM 2008 - Australian Institute for Project Management national conference, AIPM 2008 - Australian Institute for Project Management national conference, Canberra, Australia, presented at AIPM 2008 - Australian Institute for Project Management national conference, Canberra, Australia, 01 October 2008

Lokan CJ; Mendes E, 2008, 'Investigating the Use of Chronological Splitting to Compare Software Cross-company and Single-company Effort Predictions', in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Evaluation & Assessment in Software Engineering, BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT, Bari, Italy, presented at 12th International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering, Bari, Italy, 26 - 27 June 2008

Watson J; Abbass HA; Lokan C; Lindsay P, 2008, 'Software engineering for artificial life, complex systessms, and agent-based distillation', in Complexity International, pp. 1 - 13, presented at

Marhusin MF; Larkin H; Lokan C; Cornforth D, 2008, 'Evaluation of API calls hooking performance', in Proceedings - 2008 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security, CIS 2008, pp. 315 - 319, presented at , 10.1109/CIS.2008.199

Marhusin MF; Larkin H; Lokan C; Cornforth D, 2008, 'An Evaluation of API Calls Hooking Performance', in 2008 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY, VOLS 1 AND 2, PROCEEDINGS, IEEE COMPUTER SOC, Suzhou, PEOPLES R CHINA, pp. 315 - 319, presented at International Conference on Computational-Intelligence and Security, Suzhou, PEOPLES R CHINA, 13 - 17 December 2008, 10.1109/CIS.2008.199

Ullah ASSMB; Sarker R; Cornforth D; Lokan C, 2007, 'An agent-based memetic algorithm (AMA) for solving constrained optimization problems', in 2007 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2007, pp. 999 - 1006, presented at , 10.1109/CEC.2007.4424579

Lokan C; Mendes E, 2006, 'Cross-company and single-company effort models using the ISBSG database: A further replicated study', in ISESE'06 - Proceedings of the 5th ACM-IEEE International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering, pp. 75 - 84, presented at , 10.1145/1159733.1159747

Mendes E; Lokan C; Harrison R; Triggs C, 2005, 'A replicated comparison of cross-company and within-company effort estimation models using the ISBSG database', in Proceedings - International Software Metrics Symposium, pp. 331 - 340, presented at , 10.1109/METRICS.2005.4

Dam HH; Abbass HA; Lokan C, 2005, 'DXCS: An XCS system for distributed data mining', in GECCO 2005 - Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, pp. 1883 - 1890, presented at , 10.1145/1068009.1068326

Dam HH; Abbass HA; Lokan C, 2005, 'The performance of the DXCS system on continuous-valued inputs in stationary and dynamic environments', in 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, IEEE CEC 2005. Proceedings, pp. 618 - 625, presented at

Mendes E; Lokan CJ, (ed.), 2005, 'Cross-company and Within-company Effort Estimation Models using the ISBSG Database', in Cross-company and Within-company Effort Estimation Models using the ISBSG Database, 2005 Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Noosa, Australia, presented at 2005 Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Noosa, Australia, 17 - 18 November 2005

Dam HH; Abbass HA; Lokan CJ, (ed.), 2005, 'Be Real! XCS with Continuous-Valued Inputs', in Be Real! XCS with Continuous-Valued Inputs, 2005 International Workshop on Learning Classifier Systems, Washington DC, USA, pp. 85 - 87, presented at 2005 International Workshop on Learning Classifier Systems, Washington DC, USA, 25 - 29 June 2005

Lokan C, 2005, 'What should you optimize when building an estimation model?', in Proceedings - International Software Metrics Symposium, pp. 311 - 320, presented at , 10.1109/METRICS.2005.55

Lokan CJ, 2002, 'Normalising Effort in the ISBSG Repository', in Australian Conference on Software Metrics (2002), Australian Conference on Software Metrics (2002), Melbourne, presented at Australian Conference on Software Metrics (2002), Melbourne, 01 November 2002

Shan Y; McKay RI; Lokan CJ; Essam DL, 2002, 'Software project effort estimation using genetic programming', in 2002 International Conference on Communications, Circuits and Systems and West Sino Exposition, ICCCAS 2002 - Proceedings, pp. 1108 - 1112, presented at , 10.1109/ICCCAS.2002.1178979

Lokan CJ, (ed.), 2001, 'Impact of Subjective Factors on Software Productivity', in Impact of Subjective Factors on Software Productivity, 2001 Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Melbourne, Australia, presented at 2001 Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Melbourne, Australia, 17 - 17 November 2001

Lokan CJ, 1999, 'Statistical Analysis of ISBSG Data and Function Point Analysis', in Australian Conference on Software Metrics 1999, Australian Conference on Software Metrics (1999), Melbourne, presented at Australian Conference on Software Metrics (1999), Melbourne, 11 - 12 November 1999

Lokan CJ; Abran A, 1999, 'Multiple Viewpoints in Functional Size Measurement', in 9th International Workshop on Software Measurement, 9th International Workshop on Software Measurement, Quebec, Canada, pp. 121 - 132, presented at 9th International Workshop on Software Measurement, Quebec, Canada, 08 - 10 September 1999

Lokan CJ, 1999, 'Empirical study of the correlations between function point elements', in International Software Metrics Symposium, Proceedings, pp. 200 - 206, presented at

Caldiera G; Antoniol G; Fiutem R; Lokan C, 1998, 'Definition and experimental evaluation of function points for object-oriented systems', in International Software Metrics Symposium, Proceedings, pp. 167 - 178, presented at

Caldiera G; Lokan CJ; Antoniol G; Fiutem R; Curtis SP; La Commare C; Mambella E, 1997, 'Estimating Size and Effort for Object Oriented Systems', in Australian Conference of Software Metrics, Australian Conference of Software Metrics, Canberra, pp. 147 - 158, presented at Australian Conference of Software Metrics, Canberra, 12 - 14 November 1997

Lokan CJ; Wright T, 1997, 'The ISBSG Repository - Release 4 Findings', in International Function Point Users Group 1997 Spring Conference, International Function Point Users Group 1997 Spring Conference, Cincinnati, USA, presented at International Function Point Users Group 1997 Spring Conference, Cincinnati, USA, 07 - 11 April 1997

Lokan CJ, 1995, 'A critical examination of software size metrics', in Australian Conference on Software Metrics (1995), Australian Conference on Software Metrics (1995), Sydney, presented at Australian Conference on Software Metrics (1995), Sydney, 22 - 24 November 1995

Lokan CJ, (eds.), 1994, 'Size Estimation for C Programs with Different Applications', in Size Estimation for C Programs with Different Applications, International Conference on Software Quality and Productivity, Hong Kong, pp. 308 - 313, presented at International Conference on Software Quality and Productivity, Hong Kong, 05 - 07 December 1994, 10.1007/978-0-387-34848-3_48

Lokan CJ, (ed.), 1993, 'Software Size Estimation - A Review', in Software Size Estimation - A Review, 1st Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Sydney, pp. 84 - 95, presented at 1st Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Sydney, 18 - 19 November 1993

Hardjono T; Jennings M; Lokan CJ, (eds.), 1990, 'Implementation of a multilevel encryption scheme for database security', in Implementation of a multilevel encryption scheme for database security, 13th Australian Computer Science Conference, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 175 - 184, presented at 13th Australian Computer Science Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 01 - 01 February 1990

Hurst AJ; Lokan CJ, (ed.), 1982, 'Context-sensitive computer architecture', in Context-sensitive computer architecture, 5th Australian Computer Science Conference, Perth, Australia, pp. 214 - 221, presented at 5th Australian Computer Science Conference, Perth, Australia, 01 - 01 February 1982

Conference Presentations

Lokan CJ, 2006, 'How can you know what my data means?', in How can you know what my data means?, MeLLow International Workshop on Software Project Effort Estimation, London, UK, presented at MeLLow International Workshop on Software Project Effort Estimation, London, UK, 17 - 18 October 2006

Lokan CJ, 2004, 'Benchmarking Software Maintenance and Support', in Benchmarking Software Maintenance and Support, 2004 Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Melbourne, Australia, presented at 2004 Australian Conference on Software Metrics, Melbourne, Australia, 02 - 04 September 2004

Lokan CJ, 1996, 'International Software Benchmarking - ISBSG Release 3', in International Software Benchmarking - ISBSG Release 3, International Software Benchmarking: Engineering and Measurement Issues, Montreal, Canada, presented at International Software Benchmarking: Engineering and Measurement Issues, Montreal, Canada, 01 - 01 June 1996

Lokan CJ, 1996, 'Improving Software Development Productivity - the Worldwide Benchmark', in Improving Software Development Productivity - the Worldwide Benchmark, Australian Computer Society Conference, Sydney, presented at Australian Computer Society Conference, Sydney, 01 - 01 December 1996