The Responsibility to Protect (R2P)
After a series of failed interventions in the 1990s to protect civilians from war crimes and mass atrocities, a new doctrine was adopted by UN-member states in 2005 termed “The Responsibility to Protect” (RtoP), and new high level advisors appointed by the Secretary-General. The doctrine holds that state sovereignty includes a responsibility to protect populations from war crimes and crimes against humanity, and that international society can assume that responsibility if a state is unwilling or incapable of doing so. This growing norm has provoked numerous political and conceptual complexities that have inspired researchers around the world, including HASS Researchers such as Anthony Burke, Ned Dobos,Toni Erskine, and a number of graduate students, who are working on the ethics and politics of intervention, global governance and RtoP, and cyber effects and genocide prevention. This is a part of the work pursued by members of the International Ethics Research Group.