Companion to East Timor - Indonesia
In 1975 Indonesia was the world's fifth most populous nation with approximately 135 million people, increasing by 2.3 percent every year. The Javanese of central and eastern Java made up almost half of the population. Indonesia had been known as the Dutch East Indies or the Netherlands East Indies before World War II, reflecting its status as a colony of the Netherlands. It was occupied by Japanese forces during World War II but won its independence after that conflict.