Guide to the Papers of Major-General Sir Francis Cunningham Scott [MSS 171]

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Manuscript Name Papers of Major-General Sir Francis Cunningham Scott
Manuscript Number MSS 171
Last Updated October 2021
Extent 1.2 cm (1 box)
Location Special Collections, UNSW Canberra
Abstract This small collection comprises a personal diary kept by Major-General Sir Francis Cunningham Scott, KCB, KCMG, when he served as a Major with the 42nd (The Highland) Regiment of Foot during the Ashanti War of 1873-1874.

Date Range of Content



The collection has been arranged in box then folder order.

Biographical Note

Major-General Sir Francis Cunningham Scott was born in 1834, and died on 26 June 1902. He joined the Army on the 24 November 1852 as an Ensign in the 42nd (The Highland) Regiment of Foot, he was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Regiment, 18 August 1854; promoted to Captain, 6 September 1855; Major, 26 March 1868; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, 1 April 1974; Colonel, 1881; Honourary Major-General 25 March 1896.

He served in the Crimean War, 1854-1855 at the battles of Alma and Balaklava, on an expedition to Kertch and Yenikale, and at the siege and fall of Sevastopol, received medal with 3 clasps, Medjidie medal, 5th class, and Turkish medal. During the Indian Mutiny, 1857-1858, he served at Cawnpore, Seraighat, Khodagunj, Shumsabad, the siege and fall of Lucknow, attack of fort Rooyah, Ally Gunge, and the attack and capture of Bareilly, he received a medal with clasp. During the Ashanti War, 1873-1874, he served at the battle of Amoaful, commanded the 42nd Foot at the capture and destruction of Becquah, battle of Ordahsu (wounded), and capture of Coomassie, twice mentioned in despatches 1874, received a medal with clasp; Inspector-General of Gold Coast Constabulary, 1891; directed operations against the Jebus on the West Coast of Africa, 1892; commanded the Ashanti Expedition, 1895-1896; and command of the local forces in Trinidad and Tobago, 1898.

He received a CB, 31 March 1874, KCMG, 16 August 1892, and a KCB 31 March 1896.

Who was who, 1897-1916
Great Brian Army list, January 1902
The New annual army list and militia list : for ... (being the ... annual volume), containing the dates of commissions, and a statement of the war services and wounds of nearly every officer in the army, ordnance and marines, Volume 22, 1861.

Administrative Information


The collection is available for research.

Restrictions on Use

No copying is permitted without the permission of the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

[Manuscript Item], Papers of Major-General Sir Francis Cunningham Scott, Special Collections, UNSW Canberra, Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, MSS 171, Box [Number], Folder [Number].


This collection was purchased from Maggs Bros Rare Books on 3 January 1985.

Access Terms

Personal Names

Scott, Francis Cunningham, Sir, 1834-1902 -- Diaries.

Topical Subjects

Ashanti War, 1873-1874

Corporate Names

Great Britain. Army. Regiment of Foot, 42nd

Great Britain. Army. Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)

Great Britain. Army -- Foreign service -- Ghana


Army officers

Container List

Box 1

Folder 1
Diary kept when Scott served as a Major with the 42nd (The Highland) Regiment of Foot during the Ashanti War of 1873-1874, business card and menu details, 1874